Asia's Environmental Movements: Comparative Perspectives

By Yok-Shiu Lee; Alvin So | Go to book overview

nature of Asian political culture, which endorses the status quo. Instead of stressing harmony, consensus, and conformity, Asian religions, cultural values, and rituals provide fertile ground to promote radical environmental discourses and movements.

In fact, this indigenization of Western environmentalism through the incorporation of radical Asian religions, cultural values, and rituals empowers local environmental protests, enabling them to challenge dominant authoritarian states in the 1980s. Furthermore, the fusion of local religion and native cultural values into environmental movements also created distinctive styles of Asian environmentalism, in contrast to its Western green counterpart.

It would be very interesting to see whether the cultural analysis in this chapter can be applied to other Asian countries with a different cultural configuration. For example, how do the Buddhist-dominated Thai culture and the Muslim-dominated Indonesian culture affect the development of environmental movements? As a pioneer study, this chapter has contributed by bringing culture back into the analysis of environmental movements in Asia.


References

Broad Robin, with John Cavanagh. 1993. Plundering Paradise: The Struggle for the Environment in the Philippines. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Bruun Ole. 1995. "Fengshui and the Chinese Perception of Nature". In Asian Perceptions of Nature: A Critical Approach, edited by Ole Bruun and A. Kalland . Surrey: Curzon Press.

Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines. 1990. Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines: Letters and Statements, 1984-1990. Manila: CBCP.

Chau Simon. 1989. Green Thinking. (In Chinese). Hong Kong: Ming Chang Publisher.

-----. 1995. The Magic of Life. (In Chinese). Hong Kong: Ching Wen Publisher.

Chi Chun-Chieh, H. H. Michael Hsiao, and Juju Chin-Shou Wang. 1996. "Evolution and Conflict of Environmental Discourse in Taiwan". Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Asian Studies, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Deyo Frederic. 1989. Beneath the Miracle: Labor Subordination in the New Asian Industrialism. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Freedman Maurice. 1979. "Geomancy". In The Study of Chinese Society, edited by William Skinner. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Hsiao Hsin-Huang Michael. 1988. Anti-Pollution Protest Movement in Taiwan in the 1980s. (In Chinese). Taipei: Environmental Protection Administration.

1994. The Character and Changes of Taiwan's Local Environmental Protest Movements, 1980-1991

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Asia's Environmental Movements: Comparative Perspectives
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • 1 - Introduction 3
  • References 26
  • Country Case Studies 29
  • 2 - Environmental Movements in Taiwan 31
  • References 52
  • 3 - Environmental Movements in Hong Kong 55
  • References 87
  • 4 - Environmental Movements in South Korea 90
  • References 118
  • 5 - Environmental Movements in Thailand 120
  • References 141
  • 6 - Environmental Movements in the Philippines 143
  • References 173
  • Comparative Analyses 177
  • 7 - Grassroots Environmentalism in the United States: Implications for Asia's Environmental Movements 179
  • References 208
  • 8 - Culture and Asian Styles of Environmental Movements 210
  • References 228
  • 9 - The Impact of Democratization on Environmental Movements 230
  • References 251
  • 10 - The Making of Anti-Nuclear Movements in East Asia: State-Movements Relationships and Policy Outcomes 252
  • References 267
  • 11 - The Contradictions and Synergy of Environmental Movements and Business Interests 269
  • References 285
  • 12 - Conclusion 287
  • References 307
  • Contributors 309
  • Index 311
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