own reading and writing process. Perhaps more important, the analysis and
handbook are part of a collaborative effort to make sense of what it means to
Appendix II: Brian's Handbook
Genetics Psychopathology -- David Rosenthal
The book establishes context in the first 3 chapters. Chapter 1 gives a brief
history of how man has tried to explain psychopathic disorders. It talks about
Greek "logical" explanations, "discoveries" from medieval times to the nineteenth century, etc. Chapter 2 ties psychopathology into the field of evolution.
It describes how the fact that we reproduce sexually helps our species grow
and adapt, but it also gives rise to "mutations" in our genes. Chapter 3 is a
general background on genetics. Miosis, mitosis, mutation, and DNA are
"Travels in Georgia" -- John McPhee
• Never clearly establishes context, basically starts right in with his story
and lets you get the idea•Tells what Carol and Sam stand for in the encounter with Chip Crusey•In this same section McPhee talks about why this creek is being disturbed.
Fills us in about the Soil Conservation Service and about making a "water
resource channel improvement." This gives us some background, and
some idea of what Carol and Jim do.
Philosophy of Natural Science -- Carl Hempel
Sets up the book in Chapter 1 entitled "Scope and Aim of this Book." In this
chapter he describes what the natural sciences are, and what the book will
deal with. Mostly in the last paragraph of the chapter he tells in detail what he
is going to write about.
STRATEGIES FOR ESTABLISHING CONTEXT
|1. ||Background information -- good for situations where your audience has
limited knowledge of your subject. Ideally, you should supply enough
background information so that your audience has a solid knowledge of
the field you're discussing and/or a general idea of what motivates your
characters. Works well when describing "technical" subjects (i.e., "Flying
|2. ||Jumping in -- basically not establishing context. Useful when dealing with
subject matter that is somewhat bizarre or out of the ordinary. Helps
ease people into what is potentially a "shocking" subject or idea. Works
especially well in narrative because it creates a sort of curiosity (i.e., "Travels in Georgia" and "Invasive Procedures").|