MEXICAN METHODS OF CULTIVATION -- FIRST STEAMSHIP THROUGH THE GOLDEN GATE -- "THE ARGONAUTS" OR "BOYS OF '49" -- A LETTER FROM THE STATES -- JOHN BAPTISTE -- JAKIE LEAVES US -- THE FIRST AMERICAN SCHOOL IN SONOMA.
BY the first of March, 1849, carpenters had the frame of grandma's fine new two-story house enclosed, and the floors partly laid. Neighbors were hurrying to get their fields ploughed and planted, those without farming implements following the Mexican's crude method of ploughing the ground with wooden prongs and harrowing in the seed by dragging heavy brush over it.
They gladly turned to any tool that would complete the work by the time the roads to the mountains should be passable, and the diggings clear of snow. Their expectations might have been realized sooner, if a bluff old launch captain, with an eye to business for himself and San Francisco, had not appeared on the scene, shouting, "Ahoy" to everybody.
"I say, a steamship anchored in the Bay of San Francisco two days ago. She's the California. Steamed out of New York Harbor with merchandise. Stopped at Panama; there took aboard three hundred