Higher Education: Resources and Finance

By Seymour E. Harris | Go to book overview

Chapter 27
DIFFERENCES AMONG STATES: DETAILS FOR 48 STATES

INTRODUCTION
The reader should consult the last chapter for reservations to be kept in mind. Only those interested in the burdens, capacity, efforts, and achievements of individual states in higher education should consult this present chapter.In the state-by-state analysis, I took special pains to discover the inclusions and exclusions of certain items of revenue that are not ordinarily considered tax revenue and frequently are not appropriated and hence not included in the state expenditures for IHL. Appropriations by state government for IHL are one thing; total expenditures of public IHL are another. Accounting practice varies state by state, and often within the same state; and in the 150 questionnaires sent to university presidents, state boards, and state budget officers, I frequently found state officers' replies to be at variance with those of university presidents, and in some instances replies of university officials were not in agreement. In an effort to get at the facts I also inspected the budgets of all but a few states.In this chapter I have generally put this information in footnotes. The results may not be worth the efforts made. But for comparisons of the state expenditures (not for those of IHL), the exclusions and inclusions help to understand the statistics.My questionnaires asked administrators whether the following items were excluded or included in the state budget, and what were the amounts involved:
Tuition paid by students
Endowment earnings
Private gifts for operations
Net income from auxiliary services
Earmarked taxes
Contributions of local government
Income for organized research, exclusive of item 3
Other

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