WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART, "composer by the grace of God," was born at Salzburg on January 27, 1756. His full name was Johann Chrysostom Wolfgang Theophilus Mozart. His father, Leopold, was a musician of some standing, in the service of the local archbishop. Wolfgang's sister Maria Anna was given piano lessons at home when seven years old, and afterwards became a famous performer. At her early lessons her little brother was greatly captivated by the beauty of the clavier tones, and tried to reach up to the keyboard. His extreme musical sensitiveness was shown also by the small size and unusual shape of his aural passages. His ears were so delicately built that the sound of a trumpet would send him into spasms of terror.
The boy began to compose little pieces when only four years old; and at the age of six he was discovered hard at work over the much- blotted manuscript of a clavier concerto. His father, happy at finding the son so gifted, began to train him carefully from his earliest years. Soon Wolfgang became proficient at the keyboard, and was taken on tours with his sister. The two child-prodigies won much attention, even from the Empress Maria Theresa. On a later trip to London, the boy performed at sight some difficult pieces by Bach, and gained renown by improvising. He soon became still further noted by playing his own pieces.
Returning to Salzburg at twelve years of age, he wrote the opera "Bastien et Bastienne." At Vienna he composed "La Finta Semplice," but his youth prevented its performance. A trip to Italy, however, proved more successful. Mozart's Italian travels '(between 1770 and 1773) resulted in constant ovations.1 His new operas, "Mitridate" and "Lucio Silla," were applauded to the echo by Milan audiences. The Pope gave him the same order of knight-____________________