U.S. Forces in the Middle East: Resources and Capabilities

By Anthony H. Cordesman | Go to book overview

Notes

Chapter 1
1.
International Energy Agency (IEA), Middle East Oil and Gas, Paris, IEA, OECD, 1995, p. 25; Oil and Gas Journal, December 26, 1994.
2.
For typical estimates of world energy balances and dependence on Gulf oil and gas, see Department of Energy (DOE)/Energy Information Agency (EIA), International Energy Outlook, 1995, Washington, DOE/EIA, June 1995; International Energy Agency (IEA), World Energy Outlook, Paris, IEA, 1995. IEA and DOE do not provide country breakouts for Bahrain and Oman. Reserve data estimated by author based on country data
3.
Calculated in constant FY 1995 dollars, budget authority for the Department of Defense are planned to drop to a low of $242.8 billion in FY 1997, and budget obligations are planned to drop to a low of $244.2 billion in FY 1998. Total budget authority for defense is planned to drop to a low of $253.4 billion in FY 1997, and budget obligations are planned to drop to a low of $254.5 billion in FY 1998. Lt. General Richard L. West, "The 1996 DoD Budget: Outlook for the Army," Army, April 1995, p. 29.

Chapter 2
4.
The US fiscal years begins on October 1st. US defense expenditures can be reported in a number of ways. Some totals only count the money spent by the Department of Defense, but most figures on total defense spending include additional money spent by the Department of Energy. In addition to Budget Authority, defense spending can be counted in terms of Budget Outlays, which only includes the money to be spent in a given fiscal year, and not money authorized for future years. Neither figure measures the actual cash flow out the Treasury within a given fiscal year, which is a mix of funds provided in the authorizations of past years and current outlays.
5.
Secretary of Defense William J. Perry, Annual Report to the President and the Congress, Department of Defense, Washington, February, 1995, pp. 272-273; Department of Defense Press Release No. 106-96, March 4, 1996.
6.
Secretary of Defense William J. Perry, Annual Report to the President and the Congress, Department of Defense, Washington, February, 1995, p. B-3; Department of Defense Press Release No. 106-96, March 4, 1996.
7.
FY 1996 DoD Budget Briefing, Secretary of Defense, February 6, 1995.
8.
Secretary of Defense William J. Perry, Annual Report to the President and the Congress, Department of Defense, Washington, February, 1995, pp. 271-273; Department of Defense Press Release No. 106-96, March 4, 1996.

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