King Richard II

By William Shakespeare; Peter Ure | Go to book overview

ACT IV

SCENE I. -- [Westminster Hall.]

[ Enter as to the Parliament BOLINGBROKE, AUMERLE, NORTHUMBERLAND, PERCY, FITZWATER, SURREY, the BISHOP of CARLISLE, the ABBOT of WESTMINSTER, and another Lord, Herald, Officers, and BAGOT.]

Bol. Call forth Bagot.


ACT IV

Scene I

Material. The chief incidents are: (i) the challenges, followed by news of Mowbray's death; (ii) Calisle's speech followed by York's entry; (iii) the abdication, including a formal act of discrowning and the unrehearsed looking-glass incident; (iv) the opening move of the Abbot of Westminster's plot. This table shows which parts Shakespeare found in Holinshed and the modifications he made: 9i) [1399] Monday, 29 Sept., the Tower; Hol., 503/I/73. Richard abdicated in the presence of certain commissioners and subscribed an instrument of resignation, the sentiments of which are echoed in part in the speech beginning at 1. 204. (ii) Tuesday, 30 Sept., Westminster; 504/2/60-506/I/3. The commissioners reported to Parliament; Bolingbroke claimed the throne and ascended it with the assent of lords and commons. Shakespeare compresses this incident into 11. 107-13, and York stands for all the commissioners. (iii) Thursday, 16 Oct., Westminster; 511/2/44. Bagot accused Aumerle in Parliament. (iv) Saturday, 18 Oct., Westminster; 512/1/58. Fitzwater accused Aumerle. (v) Wednesday, 22 Oct., Westminster; 512/2/36. Carlisle's speech: in Holinshed made not against the deposition, but against the proposal that Richard "might haue iudgement decreed against him, so as the realme were not troubled by him". (vi) Monday, 27 Oct. ["morrow after all Soules day"], Westminster; 513/2/ 70. Bolingbroke, now Henry IV, promised that Mowbray should be sent for from exile and the challenges proceeded with. (vii) In 1400, soon after the Parliament, Abbot of Westminster's house; 514/2/10. First news of the Abbot's conspiracy.

Shakespeare runs these events together in time and place for obvious dramatic reasons and alters their order to make the abdication their

____________________
I. Qq have S. D. in margin: Enter Bagot.
S. D.] Wright.Enter Bullingbrooke with the Lords to parliament. Q1, 2; Enter Bullingbrooke, Aumerle, and others. Q4, 5; Enter as to the Parliament, Bullingbrooke, Aumerle, Northumberland, Percie, Fitz-Water, Surrey, Carlile, Abbot of Westminster. Herauld, Officers, and Bagot. F; not in Q3.
Location] Malone; not in Qq, F.

-124-

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King Richard II
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • The Arden Shakespeare ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Preface to the Fifth Edition (1961) viii
  • Abbreviations ix
  • Introduction xiii
  • Characters - (in Order of Speaking) 2
  • The Tragedy of King Richard the Second 3
  • Scene III.-- [the LIsts at Coventry.] 16
  • Scene IV. -- [the Court] - [ Enter the King with Bagot and Greene at One Door; and the Lord Aumerle at Another.] 21
  • Act II 46
  • Scene II.--[windsorcastle.] 69
  • Scene IV. --[a Camp in Wales.] 88
  • Act III 90
  • Scene II.-- [the Coast of Wales.] 94
  • Scene IV. --[the Duke of York's Garden.] 105
  • Act IV 124
  • Act V 145
  • Scene III.--[windsor Castle.] 152
  • Scene IV. -- [windsor Castle.] 159
  • Scene V. -- [a Prison at Pomfret Castle.] 169
  • Scene VI.--[windsor Castle.] 177
  • Appendix I 181
  • Appendix II 198
  • Appendix IV 207
  • Additional Notes to Text and Commentary 208
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