Angola: Struggle for Peace and Reconstruction

By Inge Tvedten | Go to book overview

TABLE 4.6 Multilateral and Bilateral Aid to Angola, 1994
Bilateral DonorsUS$ (mn)Multilateral DonorsUS$ (mn)
United States 34.0 WFP 106.9
Sweden 32.0 EU 56.5
France 27.4 IDA/WB 33.3
Great Britain 25.1 UNICEF 18.4
Portugal 20.1 UNHCR 5.9
Italy 19.2 UNDP 2.0
Germany 18.2 UNTA 1.4
Norway 14.9 Others 2.5
Spain 11.0 Total 227.0
Canada 6.0
Netherlands 5.9
Total 224.4
Source. Geographical Distribution and Financial Flows to Aid Recipients, 1990-1994 ( Paris: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development [OECD], 1996).

bit dramatic, it will be extremely important to involve government institutions and Angolan civil organizations in rehabilitation and development.

The challenge for the international community will be to support Angola in rehabilitation and development, but to do so without making aid an excuse for not diverting Angolan economic resources to rehabilitation and development. As Chapter 5 will show, the challenges for improving the living conditions of the Angolan population are enormous and necessitate combined national and international efforts.


Notes
1.
For an interesting inside account of the deliberations undertaken in choosing economic policies, see Dilolwa ( 1978).
2.
Both historical and current data on the Angolan economy tend to be obscure about original sources and tend to vary. The Economist Intelligence Unit is generally considered to have the most consistent and reliable economic indicators. If not otherwise stated, all economic data in this chapter are taken from EIU publications (EIU 1987, EIU 1993, or EIU's Country Reports and Country Profiles).

In discussions of the poor economic performance in postindependence Angola, production figures from the end of the colonial period are often cited. To provide a more realistic picture of the nature of the economic decline after independence, it should be emphasized that the 1973 comparison presents a somewhat distorted picture. For example, the Portuguese "topped" production during the early 1970s, with the main goal of getting international and domestic acceptance for continued colonization. Coffee areas were heavily exploited without giving proper time for plant regeneration, large building projects were started without the financial means to finish them, fish resources were seriously overexploited with detrimental impact on sustainability, and so forth. At the same time, produc

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Angola: Struggle for Peace and Reconstruction
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Nations of the Modern World: Africa iii
  • Title Page v
  • Contents vii
  • Tables and Illustrations ix
  • Introduction 1
  • 1 - Geographical Setting 3
  • Notes 7
  • 2 - Historical Background 8
  • Notes 33
  • 3 - Political Ideol06y and Practice 35
  • Notes 67
  • 4 - Economic Potential and Performance 70
  • Notes 99
  • 5 - Socioeconomic Conditions and Cultural Traits 101
  • Notes 137
  • 6 - Angola's Future 139
  • Selected Bibliography 145
  • About the Book and Author 153
  • Index 154
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