Economic and Social History of Medieval Europe

By Henri Pirenne | Go to book overview

CONTENTS
Preface to the English Translation
INTRODUCTION
Break up of the economic equilibrium of the ancient world , 1;
Saracens and Christians in the West , 3;
disappearance of commerce in the West, 4;
economic regression under the Carolingians, 6;
agrarian character of society from the ninth century, 7;
the great estates , 8;
absence of outlets , 8;
occasional commerce, 9;
local markets , 10;
the Jews , 11;
character of society from the ninth century, 11;
supremacy of the Church, 12;
economic ideal of the Church , 13;
prohibition of usury, 13.
ONE. THE REVIVAL OF COMMERCE
1. THE MEDITERRANEAN
Continuation of Mediterranean in commerce Byzantine Italy, 15;
commerce of Byzantine Italy and Venice with Islam, 16;
Venetian expansion , 17;
Venice and the Byzantine Empire, 19.
II. THE NORTH SEA AND THE BALTIC20
The raids of the Northmen , 20;
commercial expansion of the Scandinavians, 21;
Scandinavian commerce in Russia , 22;
Scandinavian commerce in the Baltic , 23;
Scandinavian commerce in the North Sea, 24.
III. THE REVIVAL OF COMMERCE25
First economic relations of Venice with the West , 26;
the Church and the merchants, 27;
Pisa and Genoa , 28;
the First Crusade, 29;
the Mediterranean opened again to Western commerce, 30;
the crusades and Italian navigation, 31;
supremacy of the Italians in the Mediterranean , 32;
decline of Byzantine navigation , 32;
Italian commerce , 33;
commerce north of the Alps , 83;
the Flemish cloth industry, 35;
the cloth trade , 35.

-vii-

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