THIS TITLE

A book without a preface would be like a sideshow without a barker, a corporation without a publicity department, an actor without a press agent. The pre-face is the author's mask or false face. The eighteenth century author's foreword or apology was designed to ingratiate himself with his prospective patron. Today it is to the publisher and his idea of the bookstore buyer that the author kowtows. Such few as remain independent beat their tom toms as they please.

Our title will serve as both our apology and foreword, in tune with the times. Both abstractions, 'war' and 'education', are in the air and on the air. Each is a signal or symbol arousing recurrent emotions,-- and both cover a multitude of sins. To varying minds each stands for wholly different stereotypes.

War is generally thought of as opposed to peace, as black to white, good to bad. War is affirmative, dynamic; peace is negative, inactive. The word 'peace' connotes a condition when energy is accumulating, 'war' when energy is expending. But pacifists seem to belie this. They are all for fighting all the time. Set them splitting wood all day, and they will still split hairs all night,--and fight about it!

'War' is a word that brings to some a picture of all that is militant, brave, noble. To others it brings pictures of distress glibly phrased 'the horrors of war'. (1) Words are traps. Let us beware of them. This book is about human behavior and its adjustment.

The actualities of war are another matter. To the feckless and goal- less, war may actually bring meaning to life, 'make a man of him'. To the discontented or resentful war may be a means of readjusting his position in the world, as it may to the ambitious.

"The word 'education' . . . seems to be pronounced or written with a sort of reverence, as if it expressed something sacred. It appears to rank decidedly higher in the professional vocabulary than 'training', 'instruction', or 'indoctrination', terms that are even used to disparage methods not deemed worthy of the honorable name, 'education'. . . . Nowadays in professional discussions of educational matters it sometimes seems as if certain words were being used like the magical formulae of ancient

-15-

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War and Education
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • By Porter Sargent 4
  • Title Page 5
  • Table of Contents 9
  • This Title 15
  • Notes 17
  • This Book 19
  • Notes 23
  • Power Increase 25
  • Notes 27
  • Technological Advance 29
  • Notes 33
  • Economic Consequences 37
  • Notes 45
  • Political Effects 49
  • Notes 51
  • Social Repercussions 53
  • Notes 60
  • Centralizing Tendencms 65
  • Notes 68
  • Unifying the Nation 71
  • Notes 75
  • Nationalizing Educational Control 79
  • Notes 85
  • War Predicted by the Wise 89
  • Notes 98
  • Confused Educators 105
  • Notes 112
  • Retreat to the Past 119
  • Notes 128
  • Adjustnmnt is Painful 135
  • Notes 141
  • Unity Versus Heresy 145
  • Notes 152
  • Our Educational Leadership 161
  • Notes 166
  • 'Reforming' Static Education 168
  • Notes 171
  • Maintaining the Social System 173
  • Notes 182
  • Hopes of Reconsiruction 189
  • Notes 197
  • The Wife of the State 207
  • Notes 213
  • Ideals Without Vision 219
  • Notes 224
  • We Teach What's Left 229
  • Nons 240
  • Piecemeal Additions 245
  • Notes 249
  • Sterile Scholarship 251
  • Notes 261
  • Worship of Facts 265
  • Notes 270
  • Seedbeds for Propaganda 272
  • Notes 276
  • Education for Frustration 279
  • Notes 285
  • Youth the Scapegoat 287
  • Notes 295
  • Morale and Education 298
  • Notes 302
  • Health and Morale 305
  • Notes 310
  • Vitamins Will Win 313
  • Notes 317
  • War and the Children 319
  • Notes 324
  • Manufacturing Criminals 327
  • Notes 333
  • Has Education Improved Our Intellect? 337
  • Notes 344
  • Failure of the Intellect in Wartime 351
  • Notes 359
  • Control--By Whom and for What? 361
  • Notes 369
  • How Universities Are Controlled 371
  • Notes 378
  • How Foundations Influence 387
  • Notes 402
  • How Governments Perpetuate Themselves 411
  • Notes 415
  • Guiding Public Opinion 419
  • Notes 424
  • Notes 437
  • Distorting History 443
  • Building Ideologies 447
  • Changing Directions 451
  • Getting Down to Earth 455
  • Yearning for Security 459
  • Going Head First 463
  • Turning Eyes Forward 467
  • Getting Understanding 473
  • Index 479
  • Publishers Books Quoted Or Reviewed 505
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