POWER INCREASE

How enormously the power available to us today has increased over the power our ancestors could command is little realized. Without full consciousness and understanding of this there could be little adjustment. That is yet to come. Our immediate forebears were almost wholly dependent on their own muscular power or that of their enslaved animals or fellows. Today in the United States, for each of the population an average of fifteen horsepower is expended. (1)

"The American housewife . . . has in her home the equivalent of . . . 60 servants" and "75 or a 100 . . . horses stabled in the family garage", C. F. Kettering declares, assuming equality of distribution in all households.

Few lords in their medieval castles had any such power at their command. And the king, with all his lords and their thousands of retainers, could not exert more than a few thousand horsepower. A Pharaoh or a Xerxes, we hear, could command a million men or more, but with all their horsemen that was equivalent to only a few hundred thousand horsepower.

The greatest release of power through human agency of even a generation or so ago is puny compared with the power that can be released today when the President throws a switch to turn the water of a Grand Coulee through the turbines. And there has been an increase of 16% in water power made available in the year 1942.

We Americans "are the world's largest producers and consumers" of power, and the world's greatest wasters. There is danger test we be drunk with power. (2)

This modern increase in power available, with invention that has gone with it, has made the airplane and the radio possible and brought together the ends of the earth.

Man has sought from primitive times for means to augment the puny one-tenth horsepower he could exert through his own muscles. Domesticated animals and enslaved fellows yielded their muscular energy to his compulsion. Even to within a few generations that was the chief source of power, though from the earliest times fire, wind, and water increasingly helped, in sharpening tools, driving boats, milling grain.

-25-

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War and Education
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • By Porter Sargent 4
  • Title Page 5
  • Table of Contents 9
  • This Title 15
  • Notes 17
  • This Book 19
  • Notes 23
  • Power Increase 25
  • Notes 27
  • Technological Advance 29
  • Notes 33
  • Economic Consequences 37
  • Notes 45
  • Political Effects 49
  • Notes 51
  • Social Repercussions 53
  • Notes 60
  • Centralizing Tendencms 65
  • Notes 68
  • Unifying the Nation 71
  • Notes 75
  • Nationalizing Educational Control 79
  • Notes 85
  • War Predicted by the Wise 89
  • Notes 98
  • Confused Educators 105
  • Notes 112
  • Retreat to the Past 119
  • Notes 128
  • Adjustnmnt is Painful 135
  • Notes 141
  • Unity Versus Heresy 145
  • Notes 152
  • Our Educational Leadership 161
  • Notes 166
  • 'Reforming' Static Education 168
  • Notes 171
  • Maintaining the Social System 173
  • Notes 182
  • Hopes of Reconsiruction 189
  • Notes 197
  • The Wife of the State 207
  • Notes 213
  • Ideals Without Vision 219
  • Notes 224
  • We Teach What's Left 229
  • Nons 240
  • Piecemeal Additions 245
  • Notes 249
  • Sterile Scholarship 251
  • Notes 261
  • Worship of Facts 265
  • Notes 270
  • Seedbeds for Propaganda 272
  • Notes 276
  • Education for Frustration 279
  • Notes 285
  • Youth the Scapegoat 287
  • Notes 295
  • Morale and Education 298
  • Notes 302
  • Health and Morale 305
  • Notes 310
  • Vitamins Will Win 313
  • Notes 317
  • War and the Children 319
  • Notes 324
  • Manufacturing Criminals 327
  • Notes 333
  • Has Education Improved Our Intellect? 337
  • Notes 344
  • Failure of the Intellect in Wartime 351
  • Notes 359
  • Control--By Whom and for What? 361
  • Notes 369
  • How Universities Are Controlled 371
  • Notes 378
  • How Foundations Influence 387
  • Notes 402
  • How Governments Perpetuate Themselves 411
  • Notes 415
  • Guiding Public Opinion 419
  • Notes 424
  • Notes 437
  • Distorting History 443
  • Building Ideologies 447
  • Changing Directions 451
  • Getting Down to Earth 455
  • Yearning for Security 459
  • Going Head First 463
  • Turning Eyes Forward 467
  • Getting Understanding 473
  • Index 479
  • Publishers Books Quoted Or Reviewed 505
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