UNITY VERSUS HERESY

The confusion characteristic of rapid change naturally enough leads minds "afraid, in a world they never made" to turn back to times when society seemed to have solidity, and 'security' was secure. Those who have long snored in the quiet comfort of the over-stuffed endowed chair particularly resent being disturbed. To relieve their wearied minds, some may nostalgically yearn for the unity of thought of monastic times.

Bidding farewell in May, 1941, to the large elementary class in History which he directed at Harvard for 41 years, Professor Roger Bigelow Merriman, known since his undergraduate days ('96) as 'Frisky', left the podium with tears streaming down his cheeks, the Harvard Crimson reported. No more would the undergraduates hear his familiar refrain: "Let me repeat, gentlemen, that the keynote of the history of the Middle Ages is Unity. . . . Remember, gentlemen, that in those days everything was slow, slow, in-con-ceivably slow."

This doctrine, the perfection of Medieval Unity, which, however disrupted, would eventually be restored, the lecturer felt would no longer be preached to those receptive young minds before him. To them, he had not explained,--perhaps it had been blotted from his mind,--that such unity was not in the nature of things, but was imposed from above, dictated by one supreme power. To preserve that unity and to save souls from the sin of heresy, not only were those in authority justified, but they were in duty bound to torture the body, if so they could save souls from the sin of heresy. (1)

"If men really believed the medieval Christian scheme, they were bound to be intolerant, bound to persecute and establish inquisitions", Julian Huxley remarks in "The Uniqueness of Man" ( Chatto & Windus, London, 1941). "The period of human evolution which we may call the period of the great theological religions was from this point of view one in which perplexed human beings, in their struggle with the outer world, with other human beings, and most of all with the tortuous inconsistencies and treacheries of the human spirit, found much-needed help in the fixity of generalized schemes of thought."

Medieval theological society had unity because no diversity of thought

-145-

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War and Education
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • By Porter Sargent 4
  • Title Page 5
  • Table of Contents 9
  • This Title 15
  • Notes 17
  • This Book 19
  • Notes 23
  • Power Increase 25
  • Notes 27
  • Technological Advance 29
  • Notes 33
  • Economic Consequences 37
  • Notes 45
  • Political Effects 49
  • Notes 51
  • Social Repercussions 53
  • Notes 60
  • Centralizing Tendencms 65
  • Notes 68
  • Unifying the Nation 71
  • Notes 75
  • Nationalizing Educational Control 79
  • Notes 85
  • War Predicted by the Wise 89
  • Notes 98
  • Confused Educators 105
  • Notes 112
  • Retreat to the Past 119
  • Notes 128
  • Adjustnmnt is Painful 135
  • Notes 141
  • Unity Versus Heresy 145
  • Notes 152
  • Our Educational Leadership 161
  • Notes 166
  • 'Reforming' Static Education 168
  • Notes 171
  • Maintaining the Social System 173
  • Notes 182
  • Hopes of Reconsiruction 189
  • Notes 197
  • The Wife of the State 207
  • Notes 213
  • Ideals Without Vision 219
  • Notes 224
  • We Teach What's Left 229
  • Nons 240
  • Piecemeal Additions 245
  • Notes 249
  • Sterile Scholarship 251
  • Notes 261
  • Worship of Facts 265
  • Notes 270
  • Seedbeds for Propaganda 272
  • Notes 276
  • Education for Frustration 279
  • Notes 285
  • Youth the Scapegoat 287
  • Notes 295
  • Morale and Education 298
  • Notes 302
  • Health and Morale 305
  • Notes 310
  • Vitamins Will Win 313
  • Notes 317
  • War and the Children 319
  • Notes 324
  • Manufacturing Criminals 327
  • Notes 333
  • Has Education Improved Our Intellect? 337
  • Notes 344
  • Failure of the Intellect in Wartime 351
  • Notes 359
  • Control--By Whom and for What? 361
  • Notes 369
  • How Universities Are Controlled 371
  • Notes 378
  • How Foundations Influence 387
  • Notes 402
  • How Governments Perpetuate Themselves 411
  • Notes 415
  • Guiding Public Opinion 419
  • Notes 424
  • Notes 437
  • Distorting History 443
  • Building Ideologies 447
  • Changing Directions 451
  • Getting Down to Earth 455
  • Yearning for Security 459
  • Going Head First 463
  • Turning Eyes Forward 467
  • Getting Understanding 473
  • Index 479
  • Publishers Books Quoted Or Reviewed 505
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