IDEALS WITHOUT VISION

The ideals held up by educational leaders, speakers and writers are unfortunately seldom realized. But we should not be surprised that these are difficult of realization. Religious leaders, too, in all times have held up high ideals. Systems of religion have been based upon them, priesthoods created around them, and still few if any would claim that their aspirations have been attained. But religious leaders hardly expect to realize their dreams in this world. Their beliefs, taken on faith, are likely to become fixed, to become institutionalized. Reassertion becomes ritual.

Our creeds, educational or religious, which we recite so glibly we really don't live by, though our fathers may have. Few would deny that they believe in the Holy Ghost. But do they? The things we do believe we don't dare to put in print. Our fathers would not have approved. The dead still restrain our tongue and stay our hand.

After a thousand years of preaching of Christian ideals, some look about the world and ask skeptically if Christianity has been a success. The answer is that it has not been practiced. The ideals held up by Christ evidently do not much affect our present day behavior. Pearl Buck told the Lawrenceville students that civilization is determined by our human behavior, that our behavior had changed, that we were losing our civilization. "War always destroys civilization. . . . In civilized times and places hatred is considered a mean and degrading emotion, but in wartime we are urged to cultivate hatred in order that we may the more quickly break down the manners of civilization and be eager to kill." Here was vision and penetrating realism.

E. A. Hooton warned the same boys against false ideologies and non- sensical ideals: "You are unfortunate because you have been born into a world stuffed with elaborate and useless cultural gadgets and social forms, in which religion is outmoded, education futile and misguided, and human behavior seems to de directed either by baser animal instincts or by what are called ideologies--consisting mostly of impractical well-meaning nonsense or, at the worst, of sheer, brazen counsels of selfishness and evil. You have to pick your way through a maze of propaganda, all of it designed to mold your opinions and influence your actions; some of it

-219-

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War and Education
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • By Porter Sargent 4
  • Title Page 5
  • Table of Contents 9
  • This Title 15
  • Notes 17
  • This Book 19
  • Notes 23
  • Power Increase 25
  • Notes 27
  • Technological Advance 29
  • Notes 33
  • Economic Consequences 37
  • Notes 45
  • Political Effects 49
  • Notes 51
  • Social Repercussions 53
  • Notes 60
  • Centralizing Tendencms 65
  • Notes 68
  • Unifying the Nation 71
  • Notes 75
  • Nationalizing Educational Control 79
  • Notes 85
  • War Predicted by the Wise 89
  • Notes 98
  • Confused Educators 105
  • Notes 112
  • Retreat to the Past 119
  • Notes 128
  • Adjustnmnt is Painful 135
  • Notes 141
  • Unity Versus Heresy 145
  • Notes 152
  • Our Educational Leadership 161
  • Notes 166
  • 'Reforming' Static Education 168
  • Notes 171
  • Maintaining the Social System 173
  • Notes 182
  • Hopes of Reconsiruction 189
  • Notes 197
  • The Wife of the State 207
  • Notes 213
  • Ideals Without Vision 219
  • Notes 224
  • We Teach What's Left 229
  • Nons 240
  • Piecemeal Additions 245
  • Notes 249
  • Sterile Scholarship 251
  • Notes 261
  • Worship of Facts 265
  • Notes 270
  • Seedbeds for Propaganda 272
  • Notes 276
  • Education for Frustration 279
  • Notes 285
  • Youth the Scapegoat 287
  • Notes 295
  • Morale and Education 298
  • Notes 302
  • Health and Morale 305
  • Notes 310
  • Vitamins Will Win 313
  • Notes 317
  • War and the Children 319
  • Notes 324
  • Manufacturing Criminals 327
  • Notes 333
  • Has Education Improved Our Intellect? 337
  • Notes 344
  • Failure of the Intellect in Wartime 351
  • Notes 359
  • Control--By Whom and for What? 361
  • Notes 369
  • How Universities Are Controlled 371
  • Notes 378
  • How Foundations Influence 387
  • Notes 402
  • How Governments Perpetuate Themselves 411
  • Notes 415
  • Guiding Public Opinion 419
  • Notes 424
  • Notes 437
  • Distorting History 443
  • Building Ideologies 447
  • Changing Directions 451
  • Getting Down to Earth 455
  • Yearning for Security 459
  • Going Head First 463
  • Turning Eyes Forward 467
  • Getting Understanding 473
  • Index 479
  • Publishers Books Quoted Or Reviewed 505
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