The simplest observations are often the last to be made. Startling truisms of this sort we find in "About Ourselves" by James G. Needham ( Jaques Cattell Press, 1941). He writes, "The most peculiar thing about man is his behavior. This is dependent upon a responsive mechanism consisting of a nervous system and sense organs, connected with the muscles and glands that act in response to stimulation."

The stimulation to our city living people of the present generation is not as it was of old. They have relatively little contact with nature, little first hand experience with reality. Their experience is with the fantasy of the newspaper or magazine story, the novel, the screen or stage. Our office and factory people see little more than a desk top or a machine and hear little except click-clack and clap-trap when they are not at the movie or radio. So the movie and the radio increasingly provide our experience by proxy, furnish our mental content which determines our behavior.

Some day ideals, like morals or corals or other jewels, will be appraised for their actual value, their beauty, color, like other baubles, or utility (for whom?). Dangled before the populace, they fascinate them, hold their attention sometimes excite them to the desired response. What we need is more realism, definite objectives, goals to attain. Without these there can be little action, little achievement. We need also some understanding of our limitations, some appraisal of what we can accomplish.


NOTES
(1)
From "Men of Tomorrow" ( Putnam's, 1942) with an introduction by Allan V. Heely, a series of lectures at Lawrenceville School in which "Nine Leaders Discuss the Problems of Youth".

Pearl Buck, speaking on the topic "Manners and Civilization", further said, "War is not a natural disaster. It is a disaster wilfully brought about by a certain type of mind, active in a certain situation of general discontent, and in order to carry on war successfully this mind has to appeal to evil emotions, hatred and the willingness to do murder and to destroy the property of others. . . . The person whose civilization slips away most quickly is the one who is the weakest. His progress has been the slowest, his education the most superficial, because he has not been able to learn much."

Hooton's topic was "Science and Youth" in which he made a strong plea for the biological point of view. "Education has taught man facts and theories and vocational techniques; it has neither taught him how to think nor how to behave. . . Our entire system and theory of education are misguided, in that we lay stress almost entirely upon human culture and practically not at all upon the nature of

-224-

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War and Education
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • By Porter Sargent 4
  • Title Page 5
  • Table of Contents 9
  • This Title 15
  • Notes 17
  • This Book 19
  • Notes 23
  • Power Increase 25
  • Notes 27
  • Technological Advance 29
  • Notes 33
  • Economic Consequences 37
  • Notes 45
  • Political Effects 49
  • Notes 51
  • Social Repercussions 53
  • Notes 60
  • Centralizing Tendencms 65
  • Notes 68
  • Unifying the Nation 71
  • Notes 75
  • Nationalizing Educational Control 79
  • Notes 85
  • War Predicted by the Wise 89
  • Notes 98
  • Confused Educators 105
  • Notes 112
  • Retreat to the Past 119
  • Notes 128
  • Adjustnmnt is Painful 135
  • Notes 141
  • Unity Versus Heresy 145
  • Notes 152
  • Our Educational Leadership 161
  • Notes 166
  • 'Reforming' Static Education 168
  • Notes 171
  • Maintaining the Social System 173
  • Notes 182
  • Hopes of Reconsiruction 189
  • Notes 197
  • The Wife of the State 207
  • Notes 213
  • Ideals Without Vision 219
  • Notes 224
  • We Teach What's Left 229
  • Nons 240
  • Piecemeal Additions 245
  • Notes 249
  • Sterile Scholarship 251
  • Notes 261
  • Worship of Facts 265
  • Notes 270
  • Seedbeds for Propaganda 272
  • Notes 276
  • Education for Frustration 279
  • Notes 285
  • Youth the Scapegoat 287
  • Notes 295
  • Morale and Education 298
  • Notes 302
  • Health and Morale 305
  • Notes 310
  • Vitamins Will Win 313
  • Notes 317
  • War and the Children 319
  • Notes 324
  • Manufacturing Criminals 327
  • Notes 333
  • Has Education Improved Our Intellect? 337
  • Notes 344
  • Failure of the Intellect in Wartime 351
  • Notes 359
  • Control--By Whom and for What? 361
  • Notes 369
  • How Universities Are Controlled 371
  • Notes 378
  • How Foundations Influence 387
  • Notes 402
  • How Governments Perpetuate Themselves 411
  • Notes 415
  • Guiding Public Opinion 419
  • Notes 424
  • Notes 437
  • Distorting History 443
  • Building Ideologies 447
  • Changing Directions 451
  • Getting Down to Earth 455
  • Yearning for Security 459
  • Going Head First 463
  • Turning Eyes Forward 467
  • Getting Understanding 473
  • Index 479
  • Publishers Books Quoted Or Reviewed 505
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