EDUCATION FOR FRUSTRATION

As children we were educated for the edification and satisfaction of our elders. Consequently many of us find ourselves unfitted for the life we have to lead. We find when we go out into the world that we were trained in school for a sort of life that doesn't exist. Chesterton expressed this in his classic remark, "We are all educated, but we are educated wrong.

The educated pig is not educated for a pig's life but for the vaudevillian amusement of yokels. Imagine a pig educated for vaudeville, turned into a pen with the uneducated. He would find himself unadjusted and have a bad time. At Cornell they deliberately frustrate pigs and other animals in order to observe how they behave. In our schools the process is less scientific.

"All of the educational steps are strewn with the frustrated, including the topmost. In the course of the twelve or sixteen years of schooling of the individual, we have probably not succeeded in improving his mind but only in testing his survival ability under educational selection," wrote the irrepressible Hooton. (1)

The technique of frustrating, scientifically demonstrated by Pavlov, was simply explained some years ago by Dorothy Canfield Fisher,--"The process seems to be a simple one: the animal is trained to react in certain ways to certain stimuli, and then is placed in a situation in which these reactions are impossible".

In "Education for Frustration" Charles C. Fries of the University of Michigan, School and Society, Nov. 30, 1940, tells us that to train more youths in special skills and then have them find no use for them would merely increase the "vocational frustration" of our youth. (2)

Of the over 4,000,000 young men and women between 16 and 24 found by the American Youth Commission as unemployed, only about 750,000 were cared for through emergency work provided by the N.Y.A. and C.C.C. ( Irwin Ross, Harpers, Jan., 1941)

"It is calculated that more than 80 per cent of the pupils in secondary schools and a large number of college students are being directed by their studies into so-called 'white-collar jobs', which now offer no prospects of

-279-

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War and Education
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • By Porter Sargent 4
  • Title Page 5
  • Table of Contents 9
  • This Title 15
  • Notes 17
  • This Book 19
  • Notes 23
  • Power Increase 25
  • Notes 27
  • Technological Advance 29
  • Notes 33
  • Economic Consequences 37
  • Notes 45
  • Political Effects 49
  • Notes 51
  • Social Repercussions 53
  • Notes 60
  • Centralizing Tendencms 65
  • Notes 68
  • Unifying the Nation 71
  • Notes 75
  • Nationalizing Educational Control 79
  • Notes 85
  • War Predicted by the Wise 89
  • Notes 98
  • Confused Educators 105
  • Notes 112
  • Retreat to the Past 119
  • Notes 128
  • Adjustnmnt is Painful 135
  • Notes 141
  • Unity Versus Heresy 145
  • Notes 152
  • Our Educational Leadership 161
  • Notes 166
  • 'Reforming' Static Education 168
  • Notes 171
  • Maintaining the Social System 173
  • Notes 182
  • Hopes of Reconsiruction 189
  • Notes 197
  • The Wife of the State 207
  • Notes 213
  • Ideals Without Vision 219
  • Notes 224
  • We Teach What's Left 229
  • Nons 240
  • Piecemeal Additions 245
  • Notes 249
  • Sterile Scholarship 251
  • Notes 261
  • Worship of Facts 265
  • Notes 270
  • Seedbeds for Propaganda 272
  • Notes 276
  • Education for Frustration 279
  • Notes 285
  • Youth the Scapegoat 287
  • Notes 295
  • Morale and Education 298
  • Notes 302
  • Health and Morale 305
  • Notes 310
  • Vitamins Will Win 313
  • Notes 317
  • War and the Children 319
  • Notes 324
  • Manufacturing Criminals 327
  • Notes 333
  • Has Education Improved Our Intellect? 337
  • Notes 344
  • Failure of the Intellect in Wartime 351
  • Notes 359
  • Control--By Whom and for What? 361
  • Notes 369
  • How Universities Are Controlled 371
  • Notes 378
  • How Foundations Influence 387
  • Notes 402
  • How Governments Perpetuate Themselves 411
  • Notes 415
  • Guiding Public Opinion 419
  • Notes 424
  • Notes 437
  • Distorting History 443
  • Building Ideologies 447
  • Changing Directions 451
  • Getting Down to Earth 455
  • Yearning for Security 459
  • Going Head First 463
  • Turning Eyes Forward 467
  • Getting Understanding 473
  • Index 479
  • Publishers Books Quoted Or Reviewed 505
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