ordinate Health and Welfare Activities in 1939 show . . . 70,000,000 people sick yearly, 1,000,000,000 days lost from ordinal pursuits, 1,500,000 new cases of syphilis and gonorrhea yearly, 95,000 deaths from pneumonia, 71,000 from tuberculosis, 143,000 from cancer, over 150,000 deaths connected with childbirth yearly; with little or no increase in life expectancy of persons in middle and advanced age. New York City undoubtedly accounts for 5.3 per cent of these."

Bernays concludes, "The public health education problems can't be attacked one by one. They must not be considered separately. They must be considered as elements of a broad problem, each having its relationship to the others and to the whole. . . .

"A national council on public health should be formed by all health education groups for the exchange of ideas and methods, for orientation of aims, goals, themes and values. . . . If all the time, money and effort, much of which is so badly misspent, were property used in a unified public health education movement . . . thousands upon thousands of illnesses and defects yearly would be prevented."

There is another type of health in human affairs, as Julian Huxley has pointed out, in addition to the individual, the social. Both imply consciousness of being well developed, of having that "energy which makes men glad to be alive. It also means strong and vigorous minds that enjoy mental activity as the body does physical exercise."

Only in a social organization which provides security, work and opportunity for individual development and a feeling of participation can such health be promoted. The state, the college, or the school which fails to provide for both is not promoting the individual or social health which will result in high morale for both.

It all comes back to Emerson's dictum, man's first duty is to be a healthy animal.


NOTES
(1)
As early as 1940 Harriett Elliott, the OPACS consumer adviser, declared that 45,000,000 of our people were living "way below the vitamin safety level" and these "not necessarily the ill-fed 'one-third of a nation'". She reported that the Army "allotted two tablets a day, containing four other vitamins besides thiamin" to soldiers serving overseas. "The surplus Marketing Administration has spent about $3,500,000 to date for 8741 pounds of thiamin." Miss Elliott's statements are so reported by John Kobler and John Rorty in the Sat Eve Post, Nov. 1, 1941. Their article, "Morale in a Test Tube", tells how "thiamin has come to be known as the morale vitamin. Two Mayo Clinic doctors showed why. From

-310-

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War and Education
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • By Porter Sargent 4
  • Title Page 5
  • Table of Contents 9
  • This Title 15
  • Notes 17
  • This Book 19
  • Notes 23
  • Power Increase 25
  • Notes 27
  • Technological Advance 29
  • Notes 33
  • Economic Consequences 37
  • Notes 45
  • Political Effects 49
  • Notes 51
  • Social Repercussions 53
  • Notes 60
  • Centralizing Tendencms 65
  • Notes 68
  • Unifying the Nation 71
  • Notes 75
  • Nationalizing Educational Control 79
  • Notes 85
  • War Predicted by the Wise 89
  • Notes 98
  • Confused Educators 105
  • Notes 112
  • Retreat to the Past 119
  • Notes 128
  • Adjustnmnt is Painful 135
  • Notes 141
  • Unity Versus Heresy 145
  • Notes 152
  • Our Educational Leadership 161
  • Notes 166
  • 'Reforming' Static Education 168
  • Notes 171
  • Maintaining the Social System 173
  • Notes 182
  • Hopes of Reconsiruction 189
  • Notes 197
  • The Wife of the State 207
  • Notes 213
  • Ideals Without Vision 219
  • Notes 224
  • We Teach What's Left 229
  • Nons 240
  • Piecemeal Additions 245
  • Notes 249
  • Sterile Scholarship 251
  • Notes 261
  • Worship of Facts 265
  • Notes 270
  • Seedbeds for Propaganda 272
  • Notes 276
  • Education for Frustration 279
  • Notes 285
  • Youth the Scapegoat 287
  • Notes 295
  • Morale and Education 298
  • Notes 302
  • Health and Morale 305
  • Notes 310
  • Vitamins Will Win 313
  • Notes 317
  • War and the Children 319
  • Notes 324
  • Manufacturing Criminals 327
  • Notes 333
  • Has Education Improved Our Intellect? 337
  • Notes 344
  • Failure of the Intellect in Wartime 351
  • Notes 359
  • Control--By Whom and for What? 361
  • Notes 369
  • How Universities Are Controlled 371
  • Notes 378
  • How Foundations Influence 387
  • Notes 402
  • How Governments Perpetuate Themselves 411
  • Notes 415
  • Guiding Public Opinion 419
  • Notes 424
  • Notes 437
  • Distorting History 443
  • Building Ideologies 447
  • Changing Directions 451
  • Getting Down to Earth 455
  • Yearning for Security 459
  • Going Head First 463
  • Turning Eyes Forward 467
  • Getting Understanding 473
  • Index 479
  • Publishers Books Quoted Or Reviewed 505
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