mittee in May, 1942, they report "an increase in the number of children of 14 and 15 years leaving school for . . . illegal employment both during and outside of school hours; a startling rise in the number of young people 16 and 17 years old dropping out of high school for jobs; and pressure to lower child labor and school attendance laws "for the duration'". Secretary of Labor Perkins dropped the age requirements, at the request of the War and Navy Departments, to 16 to permit more girls to take their place on the production lines. (AP, Nov. 16, 1942)

In October, 1942, the American Child tells of the 100% increase in New York of the labor of minors 14 to 17 years of age, and of alarming changes in federal laws, one of which, H.R.7350, would permit exceeding the eight-hour day in the sugar beet industry for children of 14 years. An October 3, 1942, release of the Committee "notes with concern the recent emphasis given by Major General Hershey, Director of Selective Service, to the possibility of curtailing education with a view to using children in war production".


NOTES
(1)
Herbert Hoover's proposals and guarantees for the feeding of Belgian children having been rejected by Whitehall and the White House, only the Swedish Committee for the Relief of Belgian Children is acting. They announce "the mortality among children in Belgium is now appalling, conditions being infinitely worse than a year ago. Probably the state of Belgium will soon be as bad is, if not worse than, that of Greece." Children from 1 to 14 years and girls in their teens "showed no growth at all in the course of a month. . . . Cases were recorded of children on the verge of starvation being kept in bed in the hope that by conserving energy they might increase in weight." A thousand Swedish families offered to take Belgian children into their homes but "owing to difficulties of transport the plan had to be abandoned. . . . The committee expressed the hope that further and more adequate relief may be organized by the British and American Red Cross organizations, or some other bodies, as is being done for Greece. The committee is sure that satisfactory guarantees can be obtained." ( Times Educational Supplement, Oct. 17, 1942)

"During the three years following the last war more individuals died from famine and preventable diseases than were killed in the war itself." (From Medical Relief in Europe, by Melville D. Mackenzie, M.D., The Royal Institute of International Affairs, reprinted in Scientific Monthly, Jan. 1943)

(2)
Speaking of the effect of actual war conditions on children, Anna Freud and Dorothy T. Burlingham in their "Report on Hampstead Nurseries" (issued April, 1942, by the British Foster Parents' Plan for War Children, N. Y. Headquarters, 55 W. 42d St.) write: "Instead of turning away from them [incidents

-324-

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War and Education
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • By Porter Sargent 4
  • Title Page 5
  • Table of Contents 9
  • This Title 15
  • Notes 17
  • This Book 19
  • Notes 23
  • Power Increase 25
  • Notes 27
  • Technological Advance 29
  • Notes 33
  • Economic Consequences 37
  • Notes 45
  • Political Effects 49
  • Notes 51
  • Social Repercussions 53
  • Notes 60
  • Centralizing Tendencms 65
  • Notes 68
  • Unifying the Nation 71
  • Notes 75
  • Nationalizing Educational Control 79
  • Notes 85
  • War Predicted by the Wise 89
  • Notes 98
  • Confused Educators 105
  • Notes 112
  • Retreat to the Past 119
  • Notes 128
  • Adjustnmnt is Painful 135
  • Notes 141
  • Unity Versus Heresy 145
  • Notes 152
  • Our Educational Leadership 161
  • Notes 166
  • 'Reforming' Static Education 168
  • Notes 171
  • Maintaining the Social System 173
  • Notes 182
  • Hopes of Reconsiruction 189
  • Notes 197
  • The Wife of the State 207
  • Notes 213
  • Ideals Without Vision 219
  • Notes 224
  • We Teach What's Left 229
  • Nons 240
  • Piecemeal Additions 245
  • Notes 249
  • Sterile Scholarship 251
  • Notes 261
  • Worship of Facts 265
  • Notes 270
  • Seedbeds for Propaganda 272
  • Notes 276
  • Education for Frustration 279
  • Notes 285
  • Youth the Scapegoat 287
  • Notes 295
  • Morale and Education 298
  • Notes 302
  • Health and Morale 305
  • Notes 310
  • Vitamins Will Win 313
  • Notes 317
  • War and the Children 319
  • Notes 324
  • Manufacturing Criminals 327
  • Notes 333
  • Has Education Improved Our Intellect? 337
  • Notes 344
  • Failure of the Intellect in Wartime 351
  • Notes 359
  • Control--By Whom and for What? 361
  • Notes 369
  • How Universities Are Controlled 371
  • Notes 378
  • How Foundations Influence 387
  • Notes 402
  • How Governments Perpetuate Themselves 411
  • Notes 415
  • Guiding Public Opinion 419
  • Notes 424
  • Notes 437
  • Distorting History 443
  • Building Ideologies 447
  • Changing Directions 451
  • Getting Down to Earth 455
  • Yearning for Security 459
  • Going Head First 463
  • Turning Eyes Forward 467
  • Getting Understanding 473
  • Index 479
  • Publishers Books Quoted Or Reviewed 505
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