3
THE CIVIL SERVICE

Personnel management and finance are the most important administrative functions of government. It is difficult to say which should be considered more vital. No government can operate without money and its proper control, but favorable results are largely dependent on a qualified personnel. Both are not only very important, but are often considered best administered when grouped in the same department. There is considerable authority to support the recommendation that the personnel agency should be one of the subordinate divisions of the finance department, a contention supported by the fact that it certifies employee eligible lists and checks payrolls, work which is closely allied to that of the finance department. But before reaching decisions concerning personnel management, let us consider its development and some of its problems.


ADMINISTRATIVE SPOILSMEN

The old-fashioned right to feed at the public trough has many defenses, each of which has just enough spark of sense in it to kindle the imagination of the average citizen. A painter in one of our large cities proved to his satisfaction that the local civil service bureau was incompetent by getting himself elected to the state legislature after failing the qualifying examination in his trade. It may be that the mental preparation for the state job is less exacting than that required for the local one. At any rate, the new lawmaker introduced a bill which will make it unnecessary for good painters to go to the legislature in the future.

Plunkitt, of Tammany Hall fame, saw a direct connection between civil service and patriotism in the case of Flaherty who failed to secure a civil

-49-

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City Management
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Foreword vii
  • Preface ix
  • Contents xiii
  • Illustrations xix
  • 1 - The Changing City 1
  • 2 - Administrative Principles 22
  • 3 - The Civil Service 49
  • 4 - Personnel Management 70
  • 5 - Revenues and Taxation 95
  • 6 - Finance and Accounting 124
  • 7 - Expenditures and Debts 151
  • Conclusions 174
  • 8 - State Financial Supervision 176
  • Conclusions 194
  • 9 - Centralized Purchasing 199
  • 10 - Planning 226
  • 11 - Zoning 249
  • 12 - Slums and Housing 275
  • 13 - The Law Department 300
  • 14 - Public Health 319
  • 15 - Recreation and Parks 355
  • Conclusions 378
  • 16 - Public Welfare 383
  • 17 - Police Administration 412
  • 18 - Traffic. 449
  • 19 - Fire 477
  • 20 - Public Works 509
  • 21 - Streets 539
  • 22 - Public Utilities 566
  • 23 - Wastes 593
  • Conclusions 620
  • 24- Water 623
  • Conclusions 646
  • 25 - Courts 649
  • Conclusions 669
  • 26 - Education 673
  • 27 - Nominations and Elections 696
  • 28 - New Horizons 716
  • Index 747
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