I would like to thank Merton Dillon, Richard Shiels, and Paul Bowers, of The Ohio State University, who read and challenged the original draft of this manuscript when it was a Ph.D. dissertation. I owe a special debt of gratitude to Dick, who has nurtured my interest in the history of American evangelicalism, and who has assisted me in more ways than I can count as an adviser, a colleague, and a friend. I also wish to thank Curtis D. Johnson, Bradley Longfield, and E. Brooks Holifield, who read the entire manuscript and gave me encouragement as well as many suggestions for revision.
I am grateful to the Department of History and to the Graduate School at The Ohio State University for travel grants. Ken and Lori Minkema graciously opened their home to me during my trips to Hartford; their marvelous generosity made work a pleasure. I am also indebted to the many competent librarians and archivists at the following institutions, who assisted me during my research trips and who responded promptly to my countless interlibrary loan requests: the American History Research Center, Kent State University; Beinecke Library, Yale University; the Connecticut Historical Society; the Connecticut State Library; Congregational House in Hartford, Connecticut; the Hartford Seminary Library; the Ohio Historical Society; and the Western Reserve Historical Society.
Several individuals rendered especially vital support and encouragement to me during the long process of researching, writing, and revising this book. Without them, it would still be unfinished: Lawrence Greenfield, Russ Crabtree, Gene and Kay Cahall, Mike and Bobbi Jo Rayo, and Carol Ann Park. I thank them for everything. I also wish to thank the