Nearly a decade has passed since the publication of the first edition of The Individual and the Political Order. The climate of America and the attitudes of students have changed markedly in this period. Yet, despite these changes in attitude, we noted in preparing the second edition of The Individual and the Political Order that the basic issues of political philosophy have remained constant. Questions remain as to the proper authority of the state, the definition of the public interest, the means for resolving conflicts among rights, for strengthening democracy, the appropriate way to provide justice, be it distributive or retributive, and whether or not affirmative action programs are a proper means for redressing discrimination against minorities and women. Hence readers familiar with the first edition will find many welcome landmarks.
In addition to changes in detail, the second edition contains two major changes. We have combined the chapters on Justice and Economic Justice into one chapter. Secondly, we have added a chapter on International Affairs which discusses the uses and limits of morality in international affairs, the obligations of affluent nations to impoverished countries, global justice with respect to natural resources and the morality of nuclear deterrence.
We would like to thank readers of the first edition for helpful comments on how to improve The Individual and the Political Order. In addition,