21
STREETS

A city street has been defined as an opportunity for burying pipes, or that portion of the earth's surface reserved for digging up and relaying. It is also a convenient place for storing automobiles, and when not otherwise employed may be used for traffic. Cities above 2,500 population spend $500,- 000,000 a year on streets, and give employment to 250,000 people. Federal government subsidies, state gasoline taxes, and WPA labor have added to both these figures in recent years. The various layers of government may well contribute to street and road construction irrespective of definite political boundaries, since all roadways have distinct economic and social values, and city streets are no exception. Iowa State University tests reveal that hard-surface roadways result in a vehicle-operation saving of twenty- five per cent as compared with dirt streets. Improved streets always increase abutting property values. They also save wear and tear on their users, as well as benefit those who travel the sidewalks. Well-maintained streets promote general cleanliness and high civic ideals, besides a finer social life.


THE FOUR-POINT PROGRAM

The subject of streets naturally divides itself into four main parts: (1) construction, (2) maintenance, (3) cleaning, and (4) lighting. The various types of streets are appraised according to their cost of construction, maintenance, and cleaning, as well as their adaptability to the special conditions demanded by their location and use. "Let me remark," wrote Benjamin Franklin, "the convenience of having one gutter running down the middle instead of two, one on each side, near the footway; for where all the rain that falls on a street runs from the sides and meets in the middle,

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City Management
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Foreword vii
  • Preface ix
  • Contents xiii
  • Illustrations xix
  • 1 - The Changing City 1
  • 2 - Administrative Principles 22
  • 3 - The Civil Service 49
  • 4 - Personnel Management 70
  • 5 - Revenues and Taxation 95
  • 6 - Finance and Accounting 124
  • 7 - Expenditures and Debts 151
  • Conclusions 174
  • 8 - State Financial Supervision 176
  • Conclusions 194
  • 9 - Centralized Purchasing 199
  • 10 - Planning 226
  • 11 - Zoning 249
  • 12 - Slums and Housing 275
  • 13 - The Law Department 300
  • 14 - Public Health 319
  • 15 - Recreation and Parks 355
  • Conclusions 378
  • 16 - Public Welfare 383
  • 17 - Police Administration 412
  • 18 - Traffic. 449
  • 19 - Fire 477
  • 20 - Public Works 509
  • 21 - Streets 539
  • 22 - Public Utilities 566
  • 23 - Wastes 593
  • Conclusions 620
  • 24- Water 623
  • Conclusions 646
  • 25 - Courts 649
  • Conclusions 669
  • 26 - Education 673
  • 27 - Nominations and Elections 696
  • 28 - New Horizons 716
  • Index 747
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