CHARLES GROVE HAINES
Since the people of the United States were committed more than a hundred years ago to the doctrines that governments should be based on written constitutions and that courts should become the prime guardians of these fundamental laws, it is interesting to examine the progress of these doctrines among the other nations of the world. Taking a survey of the important nations, practically all of them except England now have written constitutions as the source and sanction of public authority. In some instances, like that of China, the conditions of the country are too unsettled to complete the process of constitution-making. In other cases the political life of the nation has not become crystallized sufficiently to frame a formal public law, though such cases are found chiefly among the primitive and undeveloped peoples of Asia and of Africa. The tendency to state in definite form the relations between the self- governing colonies and the government of England indicates that, in some degree at least, the necessity of something in the nature of a formal written law is becoming apparent in the British Empire.
A similar survey of the nations regarding the review____________________