CONCLUSION
1. 1. The attempt to develop a theory of law on the basis of Marx' economic interpretation of society has completely failed; and the reason for this failure is in the first place the tendency to substitute for -- instead of adding to -- a normative interpretation of the law, that is, a structural analysis of a specific system of norms, a sociological inquiry of the conditions under which such a normative system comes into existence and is effective. That the Marxian sociology takes into consideration only economic conditions is in this respect a shortcoming of secondary importance. The Marxian theory of law, abandoned in the Soviet Union because of its incapacity to grasp the normative meaning of the law, is only a variation of sociological jurisprudence, widespread in non-communist countries.
2. 2. In spite of the Marxian postulate of an anti-ideological science, the Soviet theory of law has an outspoken ideological character. That means that its presentation of the positive law, especially of the law of the non-communist states and international law, is not objective in a scientific sense but essentially determined by the political interests of the Soviet government. In this respect the Soviet theory employs certain conceptual devices which, although produced by bourgeois jurisprudence, are denounced as ideological and radically rejected by a science of law freely developed in non-communist states.
3. 3. The ideological character of the Soviet theory of law is the inevitable consequence of the Marxian principle -- contrary to the anti-ideological postulate -- that social science in general and the science of state and law in particular has to be political, that is to say, that it has to result in formulas which can be used as instruments in the political struggle of one group against another. The deplorable status of Soviet legal theory, degraded to a handmaid of the Soviet government, should be a grim warning to social scientists that true social science is possible only under the condition that it is independent of politics.

-193-

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