Concise Dictionary of Proper Names and Notable Matters in the Works of Dante

By Paget Toynbee | Go to book overview

C

Caccia d' Asciano, Caccia dei Cacciaconti, whose family was a branch of the Scialenghi, a member of the 'Spendthrift Brigade' of Siena, supposed by some to be identical with Caccia da Siena, a Sienese poet; mentioned by Capocchio (in Bolgia 10 of Circle VIII of Hell) among other Sienese spendthrifts as having recklessly squandered his means, Inf. xxix. 131. [Asciano: Brigata Spendereccia.]

Cacciaguida, great-great-grandfather of D., of whose life nothing is known beyond what D. himself tells us; viz. that he was born in Florence ( Par. xv. 130-3) in the Sesto di Porta san Piero ( Par. xvi. 40-2) about the year 1090 (vv. 34- 9); that he belonged (possibly) to the Elisei, one of the old Florentine families which boasted Roman descent ( Par. xv. 136; xvi. 40); that he was baptized in the Baptistery of San Giovanni in Florence ( Par. xv. 134-5); that he had two brothers, Moronto and Eliseo (v. 136); that his wife came from the valley of the Po, and that from her, through his son, D. got his surname of Alighieri (vv. 91-4, 137-8); that he followed the Emperor Conrad III on the Second Crusade, and was knighted by him (vv. 139-44); and finally that he fell fighting against the infidel about the year 1147 (vv. 145-8). His existence is attested by the mention of his name in two documents (still preserved in Florence), dated respectively April 28, 1131, and Dec. 9, 1189; in the former he is described as 'Cacciaguida filius Adami', in the latter his two sons are mentioned ('Preitenittus et Alaghieri fratres, filii olim Cacciaguide'). [Table A.]

D. places Cacciaguida in the Heaven of Mars among those who fought for the faith ( Spiriti Militanti), Par. xv. 135; his spirit is spoken of as astro, v. 20; gemma, v. 22; lume, vv. 31, 52; spirto, v. 38; luce, Par. xvi. 30; xvii. 28, 121; santa lampa, Par. xvii. 5; anima santa, v. 101; specchio beato, Par. xviii. 2; fulgor santo, v. 25; alma, v. 50; he is addressed by D. as vivo topazio, Par. xv. 85; voi, Par. xvi. 16, 17, 18; padre mio, Par. xvi. 16; xvii. 106; cara mia primizia, Par. xvi. 22; cara piota mia, Par. xvii. 13; and referred to by him as amor paterno, Par. xvii. 35; il mio tesoro, v. 121; he addresses D. as sanguis meus, Par. xv. 28: figlio, Par. xv. 52; xvii. 94; fronda mia, Par. xv. 88, speaking of himself as la tua radice, v. 89; and refers to him as il mio seme, Par. xv. 48; C. addresses D., and after giving details as to his family and his life (xv. 91- 148), and indicating the date of his birth (c. 1090), and the situation of his house in Florence (xvi. 34-45), he foretells D.'s exile, and his association at first with the exiled Bianchi and Ghibellines, and his subsequent

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Concise Dictionary of Proper Names and Notable Matters in the Works of Dante
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Abbreviations viii
  • A 1
  • B 62
  • C 99
  • D 172
  • E 199
  • F 218
  • G 248
  • H 291
  • I 293
  • J 309
  • L 318
  • M 343
  • N 382
  • O 391
  • P 401
  • Q 445
  • R 446
  • S 468
  • T 506
  • U 533
  • V 542
  • X 555
  • Z 555
  • Tables 557
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