Concise Dictionary of Proper Names and Notable Matters in the Works of Dante

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his poems are extant. D., who speaks of him simply as ' Honestus Bononiae', couples him with Guido Guinizelli, Guido Ghisilieri, and Fabruzzo de' Lambertazzi, as having rejected the Bolognese dialect in his writings, in proof of which he quotes a line of one of his canzoni (now lost), V. E. i. 1551 [Guido Guinizelli].

Horatii, one of the most ancient patrician families at Rome, three brothers of which fought with the three Alban Curiatii, in the reign of Tullus Hostilius, to determine whether Rome or Alba was to be mistress. After a long and doubtful fight victory finally rested with the champions of Rome.

The fight of 'i tre ai tre' is alluded to by the Emperor Justinian (in the Heaven of Mercury), Par. vi. 39; the victory of the Horatii is mentioned, Mon. ii. 1130 [Curiatii].

Horatius. [Orazio.]

Hostilius, Tullus Hostilius, third King of Rome; during his reign the struggle for supremacy between Rome and Alba was finally decided in favour of the former, her champions, the three Horatii, having been victorious in the combat with the three Alban Curiatii. D. mentions him as the third of the Roman kings, calling him Tullo, Conv. iv. 590; the defeat of Alba and final triumph of Rome in his reign, Hostilius, Mon. ii. 1135-6. [Alba: Curiatii.]

Hydra, the Lernaean Hydra, a monster which ravaged the country of Lerna, near Argos; it had nine heads, of which the central one was immortal. Hercules cut off its heads, but for every head he cut off, two fresh ones sprang up; finally he destroyed the heads with fire, and buried the immortal one under a rock.

D. calls upon the Emperor Henry VII to come and crush his opponents in Italy, as Hercules did the Hydra, by striking at the 'seat of life' (i.e. Florence), Epist. vii. 6113-21. [Arrigo2.]

Hyperion. [Iperione.]

Hyrcanus, of Hyrcania, a province of the ancient Persian Empire, on the S. and SE. shores of the Caspian or Hyrcanian Sea; Hyrcanae tigres, Ecl. ii. 22.


I

I1, letter I; D. says neither O nor I was ever written in such a short time as it took for Vanni Fucci to be turned into ashes after being stung by a serpent (in Bolgia 7 of Malebolge), Inf. xxiv. 100; the second letter of the word Diligite formed by the spirits of the Just in the Heaven of Jupiter, Par. xviii. 78 [Aquila2: Giove, Cielo di].

I2, number I; the Eagle, speaking in the Heaven of Jupiter, says that the good qualities of Charles II of Anjou might be indicated by an I (one), his bad ones by an M (thousand), Par. xix. 127-9. [ Carlo2.]

I3 (or J), appellation of God, Par. xxvi. 134 (where many MSS. and edd., taking I to be the numeral, read Un). [El.]

-293-

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Concise Dictionary of Proper Names and Notable Matters in the Works of Dante
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Abbreviations viii
  • A 1
  • B 62
  • C 99
  • D 172
  • E 199
  • F 218
  • G 248
  • H 291
  • I 293
  • J 309
  • L 318
  • M 343
  • N 382
  • O 391
  • P 401
  • Q 445
  • R 446
  • S 468
  • T 506
  • U 533
  • V 542
  • X 555
  • Z 555
  • Tables 557
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