Other Nations' Experience with Immigration
The great trans-oceanic migrations of the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries bore millions of Europeans to homes in countries other than the United States -- chiefly in Canada, Latin America, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa. From a consideration of this broader movement many facts emerge which throw considerable light on immigration to the United States and on our immigration policy past and present.
The period of international migration, as we define it, is considered to date back to the latter part of the eighteenth century when the colonial possessions of the various European powers which had explored and laid claim to the lands of the New World were settled by treaty (notably by the treaty of Paris in 1763). For most of this period we have fairly accurate figures, set down in the records of the chief countries of immigration and emigration. But as to the movement of peoples during the period of colonization in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries no comprehensive records exist. We have no accurate method of comparing the migration of Spanish and Portuguese to the countries of Latin America with the migrations which colonized the present area of the United States. Nor do we know the number of British and French settlers in Canada in these early days.
The growth of the total stream of intercontinental migration has followed much the same pattern as that already traced for the United States. Still small in the early years of the nineteenth