p. 357-472. Cf. also Mitteilungen aus der Papyrussammlung der National- bibliothek in Wien, Griechische literarische Papyri I ( 1932) [ Gerstinger and Vogel].
A great number of geometrical and arithmetical problems are found on papyri. A systematic investigation of this scattered material would be worthwhile. I mention only especially large multiplication tables for fractions from the fourth century published as No. 146 in Michigan Papyri vol. III ( 1936). Many smaller tables are preserved both in Greek and in Demotic.
An excellent brief summary of Egyptian mathematics was given by T. E. Peet, Bull. John Rylands Library 15 ( 1931). A detailed study by the present author of the arithmetical methods is to be found in Quellen und Studien zur Geschichte der Mathematik, ser. B, vol. 1 ( 1930) p. 301-380, on geometry p. 413-451.
For a deeper understanding of the background which determined the character of Egyptian arithmetic, the study of the following works will be of great help: Lucien Lévy-Bruhl, Fonctions mentales dans les sociétés inférieures ( 1922); Heinrich Schaefer, Von aegyptischer Kunst ( 1919), and Kurt Sethe, Von Zahlen und Zahlworten (quoted p. 23).
General works on Egypt: J. H. Breasted, A History of Egypt, New York, Scribner. A. Erman, The Literature of the Ancient Egyptians; Poems, Narratives, and Manuals of Instruction, from the Third and Second Millenia B.C., New York, E. P. Dutton, 1927. Egyptian mathematics is described in O. Neugebauer , Vorgriechische Mathematik. Berlin, Springer, 1934 (quoted as "Vorlesungen"). There exists no modern work on Egyptian astronomy. An edition of all available Egyptian astronomical texts by R. A. Parker and the present author is in preparation. For literature concerning special problems see the notes given below to Nos. 39 ff.