Economic developments in the black community
ANDREW F. BRIMMER
ONLY a few of the economic and social programs launched during the 1960's were focused primarily on blacks. The most visible effort in this category, the "black capitalism" program of the Nixon Administration, came very late in the decade. However, blacks were prominent among the target populations aimed at by many of the New Frontier and Great Society programs.
The most fundamental economic goal of the early 1960's, of course, was the stimulation of an economy that had remained sluggish for nearly a decade. Consequently, any appraisal of economic changes among blacks during the period must begin with an assessment of the benefits they received from economic expansion. These benefits can be traced in the growth of black employment and the reduction in joblessness, as well as in rising black income, especially among the better educated. Unfortunately, however, this progress must be viewed against the background of a deepening schism in the black community between those enjoying expanding prosperity and those caught in a widening web of poverty.
The economic history of blacks in the United States during the last decade mirrors that of the country at large. However, blacks as a group did slightly better in the 1960's--and considerably worse in the