Reference Re Weekly Rest in Industrial Undertakings Act, Minimum Wages Act and Limitation of Hours of Work Act
Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, 1937  1 D.L.R. 673
The Development of Dominion Status--Ratifying Treaties-- Implementing Treaties
Treaty of Versailles-- International Labor Organization--Canada, a Federal State.
This is one of a series of cases brought before this Board on appeal from the Supreme Court of Canada([ 1936] 3 D.L.R. 673) on references by the Governor-General in Council to determine the validity of certain statutes of Canada passed in 1934 and 1935. . . . The statutes in question in the present case were passed, as their titles recite, in accordance with conventions adopted by the International Labor Organization of the League of Nations in accordance with the Labor Part of the Treaty of Versailles of June 28, 1919. It was admitted at the bar that each statute affects property and civil rights within each Province; and that it was for the Dominion to establish that nevertheless the statute was validly enacted under the legislative powers given to the Dominion Parliament by the B.N.A. Act, 1867. It was argued for the Dominion that the legislation could be justified either: (1) Under s. 132 of the B.N.A. Act as being legislation "necessary or proper for performing the Obligations of Canada or any Province thereof, as part of the British Empire, towards Foreign Countries, arising under Treaties between the Empire and such Foreign Countries;" or (2) Under the general powers, sometimes called the residuary powers, given by s. 91 to the Dominion Parliament "to make Laws for the Peace, Order and good Government of Canada, in relation to all Matters