RUDYARD KIPLING ( 1865-1936) was born in Bombay in December 1865. He returned to India from England in the autumn of 1882, shortly before his seventeenth birthday, to work as a journalist first on the Civil and Military Gazette in Lahore, then on the Pioneer at Allahabad. The poems and stories he wrote over the next seven years laid the foundation of his literary reputation, and soon after his return to London in 1889 he found himself world-famous. Throughout his life his works enjoyed great acclaim and popularity, but he came to seem increasingly controversial because of his politlad opinions, and it has been difficult to reach literary judgements unclouded by partisan feeling. The Oxford World's Classics series provides the opportunity for reconsidering his remarkable achievement.
W W. ROBSON was a Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford from 1948 to 1970, and a Professor at the University of Sussex from 1970 to 1972. Since 1972 he held the Mason Chair of English Literature at the University of Edinburgh. He died in 1993. His editions of G. K. Chesterton Father Brown and Arthur Conan Doyle The Hound of the Baskervilles are also in Oxford World's Classics.