In teaching sociology courses in the study of deviancy and ethnic minorities, I have been struck by basic similarities between these two fields and their relations to the study of social problems. Although these two areas each has its own literature, I find it increasingly difficult, especially in the light of the events of the last decade, to separate the two fields. It has long been maintained that ethnic minorities often resort to deviancy from societal norms as a means of achieving their aims; today it is the deviant groups that are adopting minority group rhetoric and goals and that are asking for first-class citizenship. Perhaps the success of ethnic minorities, particularly blacks, in winning gains in housing, education, employment, and civil rights is responsible for this trend.
Of course, not all deviants have staked a claim to minority status. My thesis applies primarily to "moral entrepreneurs," the