THE CONVICTED MINORITY
At Attica State Prison in New York, eleven hostages and 32 inmates died in the fall of 1971 in an assault by state troopers to put down a prison rebellion there. Not long before that, at the Tombs, medieval, body-jammed jail in Manhattan, riots left ten guards injured and $313,000 damage as prisoners, armed with no more than bare hands and rage, ripped up iron table legs bolted to the floor, smashed through steel locking devices, tore holes in foot- thick walls of brick and concrete.
In California, violence has erupted at three prisons for medium and maximum security custody: Soledad, Folsom, and San Quentin. At San Quentin, three correctional officers and three inmates, including revolutionary George Jackson, were killed. Fourteen were killed at Soledad between February 1970 and February 1971, Three were killed at Folsom in September, 1971.