A History of European Versification

By M. L. Gasparov; G. S. Smith et al. | Go to book overview

Notation

IN verse quotations in foreign languages, stressed syllables, when necessary, are printed in bold, and elision (a vowel reduction at the juncture of vowels) is indicated by a slur below the line:

Je suis l'

la fin de la décadence.

S W S W S W . . . represents the alternation of strong (S) and weak (W) syllabic positions in the line.

In quantitative systems of versification, [-] indicates a long syllable, [◡] a short syllable, [◡ + ◡ + ̲] long syllable which accepts a replacement by two shorts.

In accentual (tonic) and syllabo-tonic systems of versification, indicates a stressed syllable, [◡] an unstressed syllable.

[X] stands for an arbitrary syllable (long or short [◡ + ̄]; or stressed or unstressed [◡ + ́])

/ indicates a caesura.

∥ indicates the end of a line.

8f indicates an octosyllabic line with a feminine ending;

stands for an octosyllabic line with either a masculine or a dactylic ending, and so forth.

I4m, T6464mf indicate respectively iambic tetrameter with masculine endings, and an alternation of trochaic hexameter lines with masculine endings and trochaic tetrameter lines with feminine endings, and so forth.

Upper-case letters indicate feminine endings (as in 'token- broken'), and lower-case masculine (as in 'repeat-sweet').

In the transliteration of Cyrillic, ĭ indicates й.

-xvii-

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A History of European Versification
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Editor's Foreword v
  • Preface vi
  • The Author x
  • Acknowledgements xii
  • Contents xiii
  • Notation xvii
  • I - Introduction 1
  • 2 - Slavonic and Baltic Folk Syllabic and Tonic Verse 11
  • 3 - Germanic Tonic Verse 36
  • 4 - Ancient Greek Syllabo-Metrical Verse 49
  • 5 - Greek and Latin Quantitative Metre 65
  • 6 - Greek and Latin Medieval Syllabic Verse 88
  • 7 - Romance Syllabic Verse 119
  • 8 - The Rise of Germanic Syllabo-Tonic Verse 166
  • 9 - Slavonic Literary Syllabic Verse 210
  • 10 - The Expansion of Syllabo-Tonic Verse 238
  • II - International Free Verse 274
  • 12 - Summing-Up 293
  • Appendix 297
  • Bibliography 314
  • Subject Index 325
  • Metrical Index 328
  • Index of Names 330
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