The Communist Regimes in Eastern Europe: An Introduction

By Richard F. Staar | Go to book overview

Chapter 4 GERMAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC: The Other Germany

IN BOTH East and West Germany, the initial postwar policies of the occupation forces were directed more toward reparations than rehabilitation. The U.S.S.R. pursued this goal with an almost psychotic zeal. During its two- month tenure as the sole power in Berlin, for example, the Soviet Union removed 75 percent of all capital equipment. In the first few months of occupation the physical plants of some 1,900 industrial enterprises in the U.S.S.R. zone were either partly or completely dismantled. This practice, coupled with a Russian policy of taking reparations from current production, represented a violation of the letter as well as the spirit of the Yalta and Potsdam agreements. It seriously hampered the economic recovery of East Germany for many years. It is estimated that total reparations to the Soviet Union in the postwar period have amounted to 66.4 billion marks.1

Industrial holdings of "war criminals, National Socialists [Nazis], and militarists" were expropriated. These terms received broad interpretation, with the result that private enterprise was eliminated from all large and from most medium-sized industrial firms.2 In addition, control of some 200-odd large firms whose plants were not dismantled was transferred to Soviet joint stock companies (Sowjetische Aktiengesellschaften--SAG). By 1948 only 8 percent of the East German industries had been socialized, but 40 percent of the total industrial output came from these socialized industries; another 25 or 30 percent was produced by SAG enterprises.

____________________
1
Stephen D. Kertesz (ed.), The Fate of East Central Europe (Notre Dame, Ind., 1956), pp. 160-161; West Germany, Bundesministerium fur gesamtdeutsche Fragen, A bis Z ( Bonn, 1969), p. 530.
2
Elmer Plischke, Contemporary Government of Germany ( 2d ed., Boston, 1969), pp. 182-183, describes the overall economic organization of East Germany.

-82-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Communist Regimes in Eastern Europe: An Introduction
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 306

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.