THE REPEAL OF THE STAMP ACT (1766)
A MONTH before the bursting of the storm aroused by its policy the Grenville ministry had fallen. It was driven from office under circumstances which revealed that a struggle for constitutional liberty must be waged on both sides of the sea. The king had never given full confidence to his cabinet; and he continued to take secret counsel with his favorite, the Earl of Bute, under whosedirection the new administration was formed.1 Determined to govern as well as reign, he strove to do so through the same desperate expedient of balancing the curia against the camera which had brought ruin to CharlesI. and long before him to EdwardII.2. For the maxim that the king can do no wrong is true only when he acts solely through his constitutional advisers.
At first Grenville seems to have found himself little more than the mere instrument of the "king's friends." According to Lord Chesterfield, the "pub-____________________