Though the connection is not explicitly made by historians, there are also elements of Court-and-Country politics in America during the Progressive Era. Once again, public opinion became deeply concerned over the corruption of politics. Progressive reformers, in their desire to institute the direct election of U.S. Senators, anticorruption laws, civil service, and limits on the power of political parties, bore more than a passing resemblance to the Country politicians in England 200 years previously who advocated Place Acts to make government more responsive to the public. Much like the Anti-Federalists and Jeffersonians of the previous century, they sought lower tariffs and reform of the system of taxation, and they feared the corrosive effect that industrialization and urbanization would have on the health of both political and civil society. While there are also important dissimilarities, the connections between these periods deserve closer scrutiny.