The Roots of American Communism

By Theodore Draper | Go to book overview

16
To the Masses!

THE Comintern began to crack down on the American Communists at the Second Congress.

When the Congress opened in July 1920, the delegations of the Communist party and the Communist Labor party were allotted five votes each. What the Congress did not know was that the United Communist party had swallowed up the Communist Labor party two months earlier. In the middle of the proceedings, a representative of the United Communist party, Edward I. Lindgren (Flynn), arrived unexpectedly in Moscow. He immediately demanded the ousting of Fraina and Stoklitsky as delegates of the Communist party on the ground that the overwhelming majority of the Communist party had gone into the United Communist party. Lindgren claimed that the United Communist party had been formed by 30,000 members from the Cornmunist party and 20,000 from the Communist Labor party. The figures were preposterously high, but, as Fraina had to admit, no one in Moscow was in a position to challenge them. The Comintern refused Lindgren's extreme demand against Fraina and Stoklitsky, but it was sufficiently impressed to allot six votes to the United Communist party and four votes to the Communist party. 1

By this time, the Comintern leaders were determined to do something drastic to force unity on the American factions. The Second Congress decided to give the Communist and United Conmmunist parties two months to get together. The deadline was set for October

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The Roots of American Communism
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations ix
  • Foreword xi
  • Introduction 3
  • 1 - The Historic Left 11
  • 2 - The Age of Unrest 36
  • 3 - The New Left Wing 50
  • 4 - Influences and Influencers 65
  • 5 - The Left at War 80
  • 6 - The Reflected Glory 97
  • 7 - Roads to Moscow 114
  • 8 - The Revolutionary Age 131
  • 9 - The Real Split 148
  • 10 - The Great Schism 164
  • 12 - The Underground 197
  • 13 - The Second Split 210
  • 14 - Spies, Victims, and Couriers 226
  • 15 - The Crisis of Communism 246
  • 16 - To the Masses! 267
  • 17 - The Revolution Devours Its Children 282
  • 18 - New Forces 303
  • 19 - The Legal Party 327
  • 20 - The Manipulated Revolution 345
  • 21 - The Two-Way Split 353
  • 22 - The Raid 363
  • 23 - The Transformation 376
  • Notes 399
  • Acknowledgments 459
  • Index 463
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