Political Gerrymandering and the Courts

By Bernard Grofman | Go to book overview

sex, race, or occupation than in terms of where they live per se. However, single-member, simple plurality systems still have certain undeniable advantages over PR systems (e.g., the exaggerated majority effect tends to make governance easier), and the Madisonian fear of excessive group factionalism that is pervasive, if not always explicitly acknowledged in the American middle class, will probably prevent any wholesale transition to proportional representation in any case. Also, as we have seen from the futile attempts of the Liberal-SDP alliance to alter the electoral rules of the British system, single-member systems have a strong inertial force centered on a most powerful human motive--that is, the desire of incumbent politicians to stay in office. Incumbents are unlikely to give up the system that elected them for the uncertainty of a more proportional world. Resistance to abandoning SMSP is also likely to come from regional and local interests, which tend to flourish under single-member simple-plurality rules. Thus, given these forces, institutional shifts toward proportional rules are likely to happen very slowly, if at all.

In the meanwhile, the Court has indicated by its decisions in Davis v. Bandemer and Thornburg v. Gingles that it will maintain a high threshold of intervention, giving the political system much leeway to deal with the demands of various groups for fair representation. Formally constitutionalizing group claims to proportional representation may be bad law, but informally accommodating various groups may be good politics. In any case, it seems that the recent redistricting decisions have given political entities enough leeway to find out for themselves.


NOTES
1.
Before the decision was issued, a number of legal scholars and political scientists discussed Davis v. Bandemer and Badham v. Eu at a conference at UCLA law school. The papers that were written for this symposium were subsequently published in the UCLA Law Review, volume 33, number 1, 1985. Since the decision, a number of articles have been written on the meaning of the Bandemer ruling, including various contributions in this volume and Gottlieb ( 1987) and Maveety ( 1987).
2.
The best examples of this are Niemi ( 1985), Grofman ( 1985a, b), and Cain ( 1985b).
3.
One person who raised the question is Shapiro ( 1985). Also, Grofman's proposed tests for political gerrymandering were clearly influenced by his familiarity with the "totality of circumstances" approach the Court and the Congress set out for racial gerrymandering cases.
4.
See especially, the concurring opinion of Justice Stevens in Karcher v. Daggett (I).

-141-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Political Gerrymandering and the Courts
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 340

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.