Political Gerrymandering and the Courts

By Bernard Grofman | Go to book overview

14
Comparing the Compactness of California Congressional Districts Under Three Different Plans: 1980, 1982, and 1984

Thomas Hofeller and Bernard Grofman

Gerrymandering is the drawing of boundaries of districts, so as to advantage candidates of one political or racial group at the expense of another. While ill-compactness has often been proposed as the hallmark of a gerrymander, we believe that it is better seen as a potential indicator of gerrymandering. In our view, analysis of ill- compactness must be coupled with an analysis of the political (racial) consequences of boundary manipulations if it is to be relevant to a determination of probable partisan (racial) gerrymandering ( Grofman , 1983a; Niemi et al., 1990).

Gerrymandering is based on the wasting or weakening of the votes of what is usually the minority political party or racial interest group. This is accomplished by packing minority voting strength in a limited number of districts, and/or by fracturing smaller areas of concentrations of minority voting strength and submerging them in districts with just enough majority voting strength to render them ineffective. Usually both of these methods of dilution are present in gerrymanders involving large numbers of districts. The gerrymander does not require the construction of irregularly shaped districts in all situations. There are many instances, particularly in racial gerrymandering, when very compact districts can, if cleverly drawn, result in plans that are dilutive of minority voting strength.

While irregular boundaries can result from an attempt to follow

-281-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Political Gerrymandering and the Courts
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 340

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.