PERHAPS THE BEST WAY to begin the story of Scotland Yard is to explain how the Yard works today; to exhibit it, as it were, in action. Having then shown it as it is, it will be better possible to appreciate the record that follows of its inception and growth.
Many cases come to mind that might serve as a model, but perhaps no one of them could serve better than that of the murder of Police Constable Gutteridge of the Essex County police on September 27, 1927. It is not so recent as others that might be chosen, but it offers certain points of procedure that make it of more than ordinary interest.
Here is the story of P. C. Gutteridge and his murderers: A mail-van driver named Ward was the first to find the body, lying by the roadside in a pool of blood. He called a Mr. Perrett to help him, and on opening the tunic they found the body still warm. Another constable named Taylor had met Gutteridge at a "conference point" at 3:30 A.M.: this fixed the hour of the murder at about 3:30 A.M., allowing for the distance between the conference point and the scene of the murder. When the Essex police came to move the body a bullet that had been fired through the dead man's cheek fell out of his clothes; another bullet, fired through one of his eyes, was discovered embedded in the ground. The tarred road surface afforded no useful marks, but there were signs in the grass bank, at the roadside, of a