BOTH THE BRITISH PUBLIC AND THE POLICE were destined to undergo a period of terror during the eighties. Fortunately there was an exceptionally strong team in the Criminal Investigation Department, during the period of alarm, in James Munro (who afterwards became commissioner), Adolphus Williamson, the most famous of the superintendents, and men like Chief Inspector Littlechild and Detective-Inspector Sweeney. The Fenian movement of the eighties differed widely from that of the late sixties, which had been regarded by Irishmen as a rising for independence. The movement of the eighties was intended to bring the British people to their knees and to force them to crave for mercy at the hands of Ireland.
Between March 1, 1883, and January 31, 1885, there were no less than thirteen dynamite outrages in London alone, all of a serious nature. The dynamiters were entirely indifferent to human life, but in the first outrage, at the Times office on March 15, the bomb was badly placed and little damage was done. During the evening of that day there was an explosion in the Local Government Office in Whitehall. Much damage was done to the stonework, but there was no loss of life. On October 30 there were two explosions on the underground railway, one between Charing Cross and Westminster, which injured no one but did much damage, and the other at Praed Street Station. More