Speech Correction: Principles and Methods

By C. Van Riper | Go to book overview

blends (st, gr, bl, and so on). The ages at which these sounds are mastered completely are given for the average child: labials at three years, dentals and gutturals at about three and a half to four years, the f and v at about five years, the complicated tongue sounds during the sixth year, and the sibilants and blends during the early part of the seventh year. These sounds, however, are mastered much earlier by children who have been given definite training.


References

1. Davis E. A., The Development of Linguistic Skill in Twins, Singletons with Siblings, and Only Children from Age Five to Ten Years, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, 1937. This study considers articulation, length of sentence, complexity of sentence structure, frequency, function, and length of different words used, and types of twins and resemblances between twin pairs. It shows that only children progressed continuously in language skill, and that there was linguistic retardation in twins to nine and one half years. This retardation grew less marked as the children grew older, and was mainly concerned with articulation.

2. Ewing A., Aphasia in Children, London, Oxford University Press, 1930. This book describes a form of speech defect in young children which has causes different from the aphasia of adults. Ewing's investigations have discovered a state of partial deafness in "aphasic" children. Part I is concerned with the investigation of hearing capacity, with a discussion of many hearing tests and the relation of hearing to speech development. Part II is an investigation of aphasic symptoms, discussing the literature of aphasia, and the speech and language development of aphasic patients.

3. Fröschels E., Psychological Elements in Speech, Section II on "Infant Speech," Boston, Expression Co., 1932. A discussion of the development of infant speech, pointing out analogies in the development of infant speech and in disorders of speech. The disorders of speech mentioned in this connection are aphasia, articulatory disorders, initial stuttering, and development-stuttering.

4. Gesell A., The Psychology of Early Growth IncludingNorms of Infant Behavior and a Method of Genetic Analysis

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Speech Correction: Principles and Methods
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents ix
  • Illustrations xix
  • I - Speech Handicaps and the Need for Speech Correction 1
  • References 9
  • 2 - The Nature of Speech 12
  • References 36
  • 3 - The Development of Speech 39
  • References 48
  • 4 - Recognition and Prevention of Speech Disorders 51
  • References 59
  • 5 - The Speech Defective 62
  • References 89
  • 6 - The Speech Correctionist and General Procedures in Treatment 93
  • References 112
  • 7 - The Case History 114
  • References 138
  • 8 - Special Tests and Examination Methods 140
  • References 153
  • Speech Tests 156
  • References 181
  • 10 - Treatment of the Child Who Has Not Learned to Talk 183
  • References 206
  • II - Treatment of Articulatory Disorders 208
  • References 264
  • 12 - The Treatment of Voice Disorders 269
  • References 309
  • 13 - The Treatment of Stuttering 316
  • References 392
  • 14 - Cleft-Palate Speech 402
  • References 413
  • 15 - The Problem of Bilingualism and Foreign Dialect 416
  • References 426
  • Index 429
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