Speech Correction: Principles and Methods

By C. Van Riper | Go to book overview

10
Treatment of the Child Who Has Not Learned To Talk

Types of delayed speech. Many parents and elementary teachers bring children to the speech correctionist with the complaint that these children have not learned to talk or cannot learn to talk. Indeed, some of the children have no speech, relying upon grunts and gestures for all communication. Others seem to have considerable vocalization, but it is so distorted and bizarre that the parents are convinced the child speaks a language of his own. Still others present a history of early speech with a loss of the ability to speak after an illness, accident, or emotional shock. All of these disorders are usually classified under the term "delayed speech."

Causes of delayed speech. In the treatment of delayed speech it is very important that a very careful and thorough study of the child's development and environment be made. Every child will learn to talk unless some important factor is preventing speech acquisition. In no other speech disorder is it so necessary to find and eliminate the cause, and the teacher should leave untapped no source of information which might lead to a knowledge of the origin of the child's lack of intelligible speech.

The common causes of delayed speech, all of which should be considered in exploring the child's history, are: low mentality, deafness, poor coördinations due to disease

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Speech Correction: Principles and Methods
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents ix
  • Illustrations xix
  • I - Speech Handicaps and the Need for Speech Correction 1
  • References 9
  • 2 - The Nature of Speech 12
  • References 36
  • 3 - The Development of Speech 39
  • References 48
  • 4 - Recognition and Prevention of Speech Disorders 51
  • References 59
  • 5 - The Speech Defective 62
  • References 89
  • 6 - The Speech Correctionist and General Procedures in Treatment 93
  • References 112
  • 7 - The Case History 114
  • References 138
  • 8 - Special Tests and Examination Methods 140
  • References 153
  • Speech Tests 156
  • References 181
  • 10 - Treatment of the Child Who Has Not Learned to Talk 183
  • References 206
  • II - Treatment of Articulatory Disorders 208
  • References 264
  • 12 - The Treatment of Voice Disorders 269
  • References 309
  • 13 - The Treatment of Stuttering 316
  • References 392
  • 14 - Cleft-Palate Speech 402
  • References 413
  • 15 - The Problem of Bilingualism and Foreign Dialect 416
  • References 426
  • Index 429
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