Thought and Knowledge: An Introduction to Critical Thinking

By Diane F. Halpern | Go to book overview

Subject Index
Numbers in bold indicate pages with definitions from the end of chapters.
A
Abortion
emotional response, 92
operational definition, 216
Acceptable premises, 178, 209, see also Arguments
Accuracy
memory, 54
performance testing, 24
thinking process, 32
Acquisition, 71
Acquisition of information
awareness of noncognitive factors, 50-51
distribute learning, 48
generating multiple cues for retrieval, 49-50
getting organized, 48-49
monitoring meaning, 46-47
overlearning, 50
paying attention, 44-45
Adequate grounds, arguments, 181, 209
Adjacent terms, 125, see also Linear ordering
Adults, adequate thinking and learning skills, 3
Advance organizers, recall, 47, 71
Advertisements, see also Advertisers
arguments, 169-170
disjunctive reasoning, 158
distinguishing between opinion, fact, and reasoned judgment, 203
euphemisms, 96
inference, 79
thinking critically, 7
visual arguments, 203
Advertisers, see also Advertisements
affirming the consequent, 129
framing of responses, 98
Affirming the antecedent, if, then statements, 128, 164, see also Reasoning
Affirming the consequent, if, then statements, 128, 129, 131, 164, see also Reasoning
AI, see Artificial intelligence
Airlines, inference in advertisements, 79
Airport problem, anatomy, 319
Alcoholism, defining, 85, 86
Algorithm, decision making, 291, 314
Alternative thinking language, creative thinking, 388
Alternatives
decision making, 283-284, 285
generation for decision-making worksheets, 303
weighing for decision-making worksheets, 305-306
Ambiguous, 116
sentences, surface structure of language, 77-78
words, multiple meanings, 93-94
American Express, inference in advertisements, 79
American Psychiatric Association, human behavior and mental illness, 86
Anagrams, solving, 347
Analogical thinking, creativity, 374-377
Analogy
creativity, 374-375, 376
language, 82-85
problem solving, 352-354, 362
risk assessment, 271
Analysis methods, arguments, 179, 186-189
Anatomy of a problem, 360
"And" rule, probabilities, 251, 255-256, 262
Antecedent, if, then statements, 127, 164
Appeals to, 199, 210
authority, 199

-415-

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Thought and Knowledge: An Introduction to Critical Thinking
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xi
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • Acknowledgments for the First Edition xiii
  • 1 - Thinking: an Introduction 1
  • Chapter Summary 32
  • 2 - Memory: The Acquisition Retention, and Retrieval of Knowledge 36
  • Chapter Summary 70
  • 3 - The Relationship Between Thought and Language 75
  • Chapter Summary 115
  • 4 - Reasoning: Drawing Deductively Valid Conclusions 118
  • Chapter Summary 162
  • 5 - Analyzing Arguments 167
  • Chapter Summary 207
  • 6 - Thinking as Hypothesis Testing 212
  • Chapter Summary 237
  • 7 - Likelihood and Uncertainty: Understanding Probabilities 241
  • Chapter Summary 277
  • 8 - Decision Making 281
  • Chapter Summary 313
  • 9 - Development of Problem-Solving Skills 317
  • Chapter Summary 360
  • 10 - Creativethinking 364
  • Chapter Summary 389
  • 11 - The Last Word 393
  • References 395
  • Author Index 409
  • Subject Index 415
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