Comparing English Worldwide: The International Corpus of English

By Sidney Greenbaum | Go to book overview

The time required to compile the corpora was determined not only by copyright problems, but also by the number of different samples and the range of sources required. In comparison with other corpora, the individual components of ICE, with one million words each, are relatively small. However, one million words could be compiled very quickly if they were taken from a small number of sources. In contrast, the ICE corpora sample a very wide range of different sources. The corpus design dictates that we use at least 500 different texts, and because many of these are composite, the actual number of individual samples is much greater. The British corpus, for example, contains a total of 989 different samples. Though it makes the compilation stage much more time-consuming, our broad sampling procedure ensures that the corpora are representative of the English in general use in each participating country.


NOTE
1.
A few teams who joined the project at a late stage may have some texts from a later period.

REFERENCES

GREENBAUM S. ( 1991), "'The Compilation of the International Corpus of English and its Components'" ( London: Survey of English Usage, University College London).

-----( 1992), "'A New Corpus of English: ICE'", in J. SVARTVIK (ed.), Directions in Corpus Linguistics: Proceedings of Nobel Symposium 82, Stockholm, 4-8 August 1991 ( Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter).

LEITNER G. ( 1992), "'International Corpus of English: Corpus Design--Problems and Suggested Solutions'", in G. LEITNER (ed.), New Directions in English Language Corpora: Methodology, Results, Software Developments, 75-96 ( Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter).

PETERS P. ( 1991), 'ICE Issues in the Collecting and Transcribing of Texts', unpublished discussion paper.

SCHMIED J. ( 1990), "'Corpus Linguistics and Non-native Varieties of English'", World Englishes, 9: 255-68.

-35-

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Comparing English Worldwide: The International Corpus of English
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents ix
  • List of Contributors xi
  • List of Figures xiii
  • List of Tables xv
  • Abbreviations xvi
  • Part I Introduction 1
  • 1: Introducing ICe 3
  • References 12
  • 2: Learner English Around the World 13
  • References 23
  • Part II Compilation and Annotation 25
  • 3: The Design of the Corpus 27
  • References 35
  • 4: Markup Systems 36
  • Notes 45
  • References 45
  • 5: The Umb Intelligent ICe Markup Assistant 54
  • References 64
  • 6: ICe Annotation Tools 65
  • 7: Developing the ICe Corpus Utility Program 79
  • 8: About the ICe Tagset 92
  • 9: Autasys: Grammatical Tagging and Cross-Tagset Mapping 110
  • 10: An Outline of the Survey's ICe Parsing Scheme 125
  • Reference 139
  • 11: The Survey Parser: Design and Development 142
  • References 157
  • Part III Problems of Implementation 161
  • 12: The New Zealand Spoken Component of ICe: Some Methodological Challenges1 163
  • References 177
  • 13: Second-Language Corpora1 182
  • References 195
  • 14: The International Corpus of English in Hong Kong 197
  • References 213
  • Part IV Applications 215
  • 15: The Corpus as A Research Domain 217
  • 16: ICe and Teaching 227
  • 17: The Sociolinguistics of English in Nigeria and the ICe Project 239
  • 18: Why A Fiji Corpus? 249
  • References 260
  • 19: Prosice: A Spoken English Database for Prosody Research 262
  • References 278
  • Index 281
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