Comparing English Worldwide: The International Corpus of English

By Sidney Greenbaum | Go to book overview
transitivity types (cf. Briscoeet al., 1993; Evanset al., 1995). It is in this sense that strictly speaking LTAG trees are anchored to a finite set of feature-based word-class tags.
7.
N (prop, sing) = singular proper noun; PUNC (com) = comma; CONJUNC (coord) = coordinating conjunction.
8.
CT = conjoin; NP = noun phrase; NPHD = NP head; PUNC = punctuation;COOR= coordinator.
9.
V:montr = monotransitive verb.
10.
PU = parsing unit; CL = clause; act = active; decl = declarative; indic = indicative; montr = monotransitive; pres = present tense; unm = unmarked word order; SU = subject; VB = verb; VP = verb phrase; MVB= main verb; V(montr, pres) = present tense monotransitive verb; OD = direct object.

REFERENCES

ABEILLE A., BISHOP K., COTE S., and SCHABES Y. ( 1990), "'A Lexicalized Tree Adjoining Grammar for English'", Technical Report MS-CIS-90-24 ( Department of Computer and Information Science, University of Pennsylvania).

ATWELL E. ( 1988), "'Grammatical Analysis of English by Statistical Pattern Recognition'", in J. KITTLER (ed.), 626-35.

BLACK E., GARSIDE R., and LEECH G. ( 1993), Statistically-Driven Computer Grammars of English: The IBM/Lancaster Approach ( Amsterdam: Rodopi).

BRILL E. and RESNIK P. ( 1994), "'A Rule-Based Approach to Prepositional Phrase Attachment Disambiguation'", Proceedings of COLING 1994, Kyoto.

BRISCOE T. and CARROLL J. ( 1991), "'Generalised Probabilistic LR Parsing of Natural Language (Corpora) with Unification-Based Grammars'", Technical Report No. 224( Cambridge: University of Cambridge).

--- DE V. PAIVA, and COPESTAYE A. ( 1993), Inheritance, Defaults, and the Lexicon ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

DORAN C., EGEDI D., HOCKEY B. A., and SRINIVAS B. ( 1994a), "'Status of the XTAG System'", in Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Tree Adjoining Grammars, 20-3.

--- --- --- --- and ZAIDEL M. ( 1994b), "'XTAG System--A Wide Coverage Grammar for English'", in Proceedings of COLING 1994, Kyoto, 922-8.

EVANS R., GAZDAR G., and WEIR D. ( 1995), "'Encoding Lexicalized Tree Adjoining Grammar with a Nonmonotonic Inheritance Hierarchy'", in Proceedings ACL 1995 ( San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann).

FANG A. C. ( 1994), "'ICE: Applications and Possibilities in NLP'", Proceedings of International Workshop on Directions of Lexical Research, 15-17 August 1994, 23-44, Beijing.

--- and NELSON G. ( 1994), "'Tagging the Survey Corpus: A LOB to ICE Experiment Using AUTASYS'", ALLC Literary and Linguistic Computing, 9/ 2: 189-94.

FUJISAKI T. ( 1984), "'A Stochastic Approach to Sentence Parsing'", in Proceedings of COLING 1984, 16-19.

--- JELINEK F., COCKE J., BLACK E., and NISHINO T. ( 1991), "'A Probabilistic Parsing Method for Sentence Disambiguation'", in M. TOMITA (ed.), 139-52.

-157-

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Comparing English Worldwide: The International Corpus of English
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents ix
  • List of Contributors xi
  • List of Figures xiii
  • List of Tables xv
  • Abbreviations xvi
  • Part I Introduction 1
  • 1: Introducing ICe 3
  • References 12
  • 2: Learner English Around the World 13
  • References 23
  • Part II Compilation and Annotation 25
  • 3: The Design of the Corpus 27
  • References 35
  • 4: Markup Systems 36
  • Notes 45
  • References 45
  • 5: The Umb Intelligent ICe Markup Assistant 54
  • References 64
  • 6: ICe Annotation Tools 65
  • 7: Developing the ICe Corpus Utility Program 79
  • 8: About the ICe Tagset 92
  • 9: Autasys: Grammatical Tagging and Cross-Tagset Mapping 110
  • 10: An Outline of the Survey's ICe Parsing Scheme 125
  • Reference 139
  • 11: The Survey Parser: Design and Development 142
  • References 157
  • Part III Problems of Implementation 161
  • 12: The New Zealand Spoken Component of ICe: Some Methodological Challenges1 163
  • References 177
  • 13: Second-Language Corpora1 182
  • References 195
  • 14: The International Corpus of English in Hong Kong 197
  • References 213
  • Part IV Applications 215
  • 15: The Corpus as A Research Domain 217
  • 16: ICe and Teaching 227
  • 17: The Sociolinguistics of English in Nigeria and the ICe Project 239
  • 18: Why A Fiji Corpus? 249
  • References 260
  • 19: Prosice: A Spoken English Database for Prosody Research 262
  • References 278
  • Index 281
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