Notes
1)
For Erasmus, the move from scriptor (which he had doubtless been in the monastery at Steyn) to compilator (which is fundamentally his role in the 1500 Collectanea) to commentator (in his edition of Cicero in 1501) is notable. The final step to auctor was achieved in 1503 with the Enchiridion, although he had been struggling in that direction with his early writings like the Antibarbari and De Contemptu Mundi, works which actually were not published until years later. In the Panegyricus he is both orator (in the oral delivery of the work at court) and auctor (by virtue of the printing of the text). The locus classicus for this distinction is in the fourth quaestio of the proem to St Bonaventure commentary on the Sentences of Peter Lombard, in Opera ( Quaracchi ed., 1882) 1, 14/col.2. Cf. J. A. Burrow, Medieval Writers and Their Work ( Oxford, 1982) 29-30, and the fruitful discussion of A. J. Minnis in Medieval Theory of Authorship, 2d ed. ( London, 1988) esp. 95 ff.
2)
The complex meanings of the military topos (which still had life in the 9th-c. "'Onward Christian Soldiers'") needs further study.
3)
O. Schottenloher identified the unnamed husband as Johann Poppenruyter, a cannon-founder of Mechelen: "'Erasmus, Johann Poppenreuter und die Entstehung des Enchiridion Militis Christiani'", ARG 45 ( 1954) 109-16. There is an irony in a tract employing the metaphor of military weaponry being addressed to a maker of cannons.
4)
On the wealth of allusion in the Enchiridion, see CWE 66:xxv ff.
5)
See Allen, "'Erasmus and His Printers'". On the importance of Martens, see J. IJsewijn in BR. Martens published the first editions of the following works: Panegyricus, Opuscula aliquot, Apophthegmata, Isocrates, Institutio Principis Christiani, Epistolae aliquot illustrium virorum, Ausonii apophthegmata, Eucherius, Aliquot declamatiunculae graecae, and Libanius -- all in the period from 1504 to 1519. In the year 1516 Erasmus was also occupied with helping to see More Utopia through Martens' press.
6)
C. Fantazzi has discussed the translations in CWE 66:4-7.
7)
Ernst-W. Kohls, "'The Principal Theological Thoughts in the Enchiridion Militis Christiani'", in Essays on the Works of Erasmus, ed. R. L. DeMolen ( New Haven, 1978) 62.
8)
Plato is the only classical author cited frequently in the Enchiridion, read in Ficino's translation. Six dialogues of Plato are quoted ( Tracy, 85 n. 16).
9)
Bearing in mind the humanists' cry Ad fontes, one perceives that the indicated fountains for spiritual nourishment are the Scriptures in their original tongue: in the original Greek and not in the later Latin translation, the accepted and nominally 'official' Vulgate, which came to be seen more and more by humanist scholars as inaccurate and unreliable. See now J. D. Tracy , "'Ad Fontes: The Humanist Understanding of Scripture as Nourishment for the Soul'", in Christian Spirituality: High Middle Ages and Reformation, ed. J. Raitt et al. ( London, 1988) 252 ff.
10)
E.-W Kohls, Theologie, 1, 73 ff. & 122 ff.
11)
Kohls, in Essays on Erasmus, 72.

-40-

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Erasmus of Europe: - Vol. 2
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Notes xiv
  • List of Abbreviations xv
  • List of ILlustrations xvii
  • 18 Return from England: the Years in Flanders and Paris, 1501-1502 1
  • 19 the Early Louvain Years, 1502-1504 14
  • Notes 24
  • 20 the Enchiridion: 'Philosophia Christi' 28
  • Notes 40
  • 21 1504, a Threshold Year 41
  • Notes 49
  • 22 Return to England, 1505-1506 51
  • Notes 59
  • 23 Italy, 1506-1509 62
  • Notes 71
  • 24 the Adages 74
  • Notes 82
  • 25 England Again, 1509: the 'Period of Silence' 86
  • Notes 92
  • 25 the Praise of Folly 95
  • Notes 105
  • 27 the Cambridge Years, 1511-1514 109
  • Notes 122
  • 28 the Changing World in 1514 126
  • 29 Vocation and Life-Style 140
  • Notes 147
  • 30 to Basel, Summer 1514 149
  • Notes 161
  • 31 1516, the Annus Mirabilis 165
  • Notes 173
  • 32 the New Testament: A Life Work 175
  • Notes 189
  • Notes 210
  • 34 the Rising Storm of Controversy: Erasmus and His Catholic Critics, 1517-1522 216
  • Notes 231
  • 35 the Colloquies 236
  • Notes 243
  • Erasmus and His Friends: His Audience and His Geography 247
  • Notes 259
  • 37 Reform and Reformation: Ecclesia Semper Reformanda 263
  • Notes 278
  • 38 the Basel Years, 1521-1529: the Reformation Storm Rising 283
  • 39 Erasmus and Luther: on the Freedom of the Will 298
  • Notes 306
  • 40 Language and Style 310
  • Notes 317
  • 41 the Basel Years: Humanism and Religion 320
  • Notes 333
  • 42 the Freiburg Years, 1529-1535 337
  • Notes 346
  • 43 the Final Act at Basel: Summer 1535 to July 1536 350
  • Notes 359
  • 44 the Achievement of Erasmus and His Place in History 362
  • Notes 377
  • Appendix C Erasmus' Dispensations 381
  • Notes 383
  • Appendix D Erasmus' Wills 384
  • Notes 385
  • Appendix E Portraits of Erasmus 387
  • An Erasmian Chronology: LIfe and Writings 390
  • Bibliography 393
  • Index of Names of Persons 408
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