Percentage of the population 15 years of age and over that is illiterate, by ethnic origin, Canada, 1871 and 1971
|Total (per cent)||20.2||6.3|
|SOURCE: Canadian Historical Mobility Project, 1871 Census of Canada; Statistics Canada, 1971 Census of Canada, Public Use Sample, Individual File|
|NOTE: Dashes indicate that data are unavailable|
ing in Quebec was not compulsory at the turn of the century or even thirty-five years later ( Miner 1939:35-37). The English were the most literate of the specific ethnic populations, again reflecting their social and economic dominance. Scandinavians were among the most literate of the immigrant populations during the twentieth century along with the Dutch and Germans, while the Ukrainians and Italians were among the most illiterate ( Hurd 1929:28). The data presented in Table 9 support Hurd's earlier findings. These data further suggest that those willing to intermarry in 1871 would most likely prefer an English spouse or one of British origin in 1971. Their higher levels of status from both an occupational and educational view would make them more desirable as marriage partners than those of other ethnic or cultural origin groups.
Intermarriage is a reflection of both structural and normative or