Classical assimilation theory indicates that some assimilation of ethnic and cultural groups is expected and, indeed, is inevitable in any society. This research deals specifically with the question of marital assimilation. It has delineated the general trends of ethnic and ethno-religious intermarriage between 1871 and 1971, as well as the trends for the English, Irish, Scottish, French, and Germans. In addition, it has determined the effects of husband's level of literacy, nativity, age, and place of residence on the odds of marrying outside his ethno-religious origin and the effect of an ethnic group's socio- demographic characteristics on the propensity for husbands to marry exogamously. The variables included in the latter analysis are group size, sex ratio, ethnic-connectedness (i.e., religion), percentage urban, occupational status, educational attainment, indexes of residential segregation, and percentage native born. Furthermore, this research has determined the progress of assimilation from the standpoint of intermarriage with the British (or English) and the French. This chapter summarizes the findings of this study and discusses the implications of marital assimilation for Canadian society.
This research has demonstrated the value of intermarriage as an index and a measure of assimilation. It has been widely used by Canadian and American social scientists in their quest to determine the patterns, correlates, and relevance of intermarriage for immigrant assimilation in the twentieth century. Canadian research demonstrated increasing trends of religious and ethnic intermarriage in Canada between 1921 and 1971 ( Hurd 1929, 1942, 1964; Kalbach 1975, 1983; Heer and Hubay 1975). Evidence from twentieth- century research indicates that the notion of the 'triple melting pot'