keeping other countries out. . . . In what has been called the "zoo theory" of administration, the islands languished with little input from the United States, without even replacement of indigenous and Japanese infrastructure destroyed by . . . [ World War II]. The "administrators" of the islands didn't even reside there, but far off in Hawaii until the 1960s. 101
The "zoo" extended far beyond a single colony.
Whether in a Pacific island or a colony of millions, no conquest is complete without a process of cultural devaluation. Until armed encounters that are more readily won by conquerors, a people's language, history, and grass-roots economic power are far more resistant to foreign manipulation. In Guam, the United States outlawed the use of the native language, but it did not die out. The Japanese in Korea were no more successful at suppressing an indigenous language than they were in forbidding study of Korean history. The island state of Pohnpei successfully resisted the most powerful country in the world on a matter of nuclear policy, secure in its long-run capacity to live on its traditional means. Belau resisted from 1979 to 1992.